lectunre notes for exam 1

lectunre notes for exam 1 - Western Civ the West-the west...

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Western Civ & the West - the “west” was born in cold war as a triumph over communism -Barboros- people who do not speak Greek “Barbarians” -Infidels- non Christian -west: (changes with time) set of values of many parts of Europe’s history but not all Europeans *not just European history -Europe in 1500: Life in an Insignificant backwater -1453- Ottoman cut off trade routes eastward (made Europe weak) -money was in Asia -Ottomans were in control -Renaissance in Italy -Spain visits New World -Portuguese make way in Asia -1465 printing press was invented New World: -Spanish took gold and silver from New World allowing them to trade with China -Europe Before 1500: people were not aware of political boundaries, smaller and more diverse Europe in 1500: A Hierarchical Society I. Two people Who Made a difference: Katharina von Bora and Charles V A. The world of Katharina von Bora (Katharina Luther) -she married Martin Luther in 1525 A.1. Her life: born 1499; at age 5 her parents put her in a convent until she leaves to join religious reform movement in 1523 von: identifies nobility. .. daughter of a Saxton family A.2. Her church A.2.a) A hierarchical Church A.2.b) A worldly church A.2.c) Late medieval piety B. Charles V
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B.1. His inheritance: born into numerous royal family and inherited 3 kingdoms born 1500 Hapsburg, Spanish throne, Valwa -becomes Holy Roman Emperor in 1519 *Like a Federation (system of states that are ruled by individual Princes) *emperor elected by heads of most important smaller State *Head of nation and head of Faith -condemns Luther as a heretic in 1521 B.2. Retires and splits his empire in 1554, in the wake of Reformation B.3. Father of Philip II of Spain—marries Bloody Mary B.4. What did it mean to be a king? B.4.a) Lots of Dukes and Nobles who have their own armies B.4.b) King cannot make everyone do what they want B.4.c) He entertains nobles and be nice to them and let them help make decisions B.4.d) Not all pushing papers and making decisions B.4.e) Convince people to do things and talk to advisors B.4.f) They hunt* Mostly Stags which mean powerful and stags were believed to be eternal (B.4.f.1) King would invite his most favorite B.4.g) Spent a lot of time on ritual B.4.h) Got to carry a sword B.4.i) Precedence was the order of which people should be placed in society B.4.j) Expected to cure some disease of commoners B.4.k) Marriage Politics (B.4.k.1) Dynastic and diplomatic alliances creates (or broken) by marriages; ex Mary I of England marries Philip II, King of Spain
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(B.4.k.2) Not getting married (Elizabeth I) or not having a male heir poses a problem (some like Henry VIII, go to extremes to solve this) (B.4.k.3) In most royal families the eldest male inherits, but sometime women inherit thrones, or at least carry them on (B.4.k.4) Intermarriage of royal families makes for tangled web of ‘houses’ B.4.l) Getting along with the church (B.4.l.1) Variable, but conflict is frequent, especially in northern and central Europe. ..they felt the unfairness that most
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course HIST 1003 taught by Professor Zucker during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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lectunre notes for exam 1 - Western Civ the West-the west...

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