Midterm Review

Midterm Review - Absolutism: a form of despotism in which...

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Absolutism : a form of despotism in which rulers were influenced by the Enlightenment , a historical period, enlightened monarchs embraced the principles of the Enlightenment, especially its emphasis upon rationality , and applied them to their territories. They tended to allow religious toleration, freedom of speech and the press, and the right to hold private property. Most fostered the arts, sciences, and education. Personal Rule : The Personal Rule was the period from 1629 to 1640 , when King Charles I of England , Scotland and Ireland ruled without recourse to Parliament . He was entitled to do this under the Royal Prerogative , but his actions caused discontent among those who provided the ruling classes. Charles I :( 19 November 1600 30 January 1649 ) was King of England , King of Scotland , and King of Ireland until his execution in 1649. He famously engaged in a struggle for power with the Parliament of England . There was widespread opposition to many of his actions, especially the levying of taxes without Parliament's consent. Peterloo Massacre: August 16 , 1819 . Was the result of a cavalry charge into the crowd at a public meeting at St Peter's Fields , Manchester , England . Eleven people were killed and over 500, including many women and children, were injured. Bonnie Prince Charlie : ( December 31 , 1720 January 31 , 1788 ), was the exiled claimant to the thrones of England , Scotland , and Ireland . The Jacobite movement tried to restore the family to the throne. After his father's death Charles was recognized as King Charles III by his supporters; his opponents referred to him as The Young Pretender. Church of England : England adhered to the Roman Catholic Church for nearly a thousand years, before the church separated from Rome in 1534 . Puritans : A Puritan of 16th and 17th century England was any person seeking "purity" of worship and doctrine , especially the parties that rejected the Laudian reform of the Church of England . William and Mary : refers to the joint sovereignty over the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland of King William III and his wife Queen Mary II . Archbishop William Laud : Archbishop of Canterbury and a fervent supporter of King Charles I of England , whom he encouraged to believe in divine right . His support for Charles, absolute monarchy, and his persecuting of opposing views led to his beheading in the midst of the English Civil War . The Glorious Revolution : the overthrow of James II of England in 1688 by a union of Parliamentarians and the Dutch stadtholder William III of Orange-Nassau (William of Orange). It is sometimes called the Bloodless Revolution, although there was fighting and loss of life in Ireland and Scotland . [1]
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Midterm Review - Absolutism: a form of despotism in which...

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