Hist exam 2

Hist exam 2 - History1003EXAM2 :Europe,18201848...

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History 1003 EXAM 2 Revolutions in a Reactionary Age: Europe, 1820-1848 Restoration Period Congress of Vienna Stabilizing of Europe after Revolutionary Wars Restoring old monarchies Containing French power Clemons von Metternich’s ‘balance of power’ Winners and Losers Prussia becomes a major power; HRE disbanded and consolidation of the  German Confederation Russian dominance in Poland Sardinian expansion Austrian overstretch? Conservatism: When Reform is too much Provincialism, opposition to nationalism Desire to undo 1789 reforms
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Restriction of the franchise, or no franchise at all Restoration of state churches Restoration of aristocratic and monarchical power Little interest in modernization, capitalism    ->Liberalism Liberalism and the legacies of 1789 and 1792 Reform, not revolution Equal rights, not equal fortunes Where is Liberalism strongest? Nationalism usually strongest here Liberalism in England: Laissez faire economics Corn Laws Great Reform Act of 1832; expansion of the franchise, end of ‘rotten boroughs      -> Radicalism : When reform isn’t enough Luddites Wanted to go back to and era w/o machines Textile mills were destroying old craft system Utopian socialists Wanted total transformation for society Charles Fourier  and the phalanx
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Revolution through organization and social planning, not through violence Disciples, including Enfantin spread his ideas Nationalism tempered by desire for universal rights The Bourbon Monarchy Restored Louis XVIII, Charles X Liberal discontent The Revolution of 1830 and the installation of the July Monarchy Other Revolutions c. 1830 Successes: Belgium created Failures: Polish uprising put down Decembrists put down in Russia Popular Protest Peterloo Massarcre, 1819 Plug Plot Riots, 1842 The Hungry Forties Hardships of the early industrial era Insecuritiese in wage work Increasing enclosure Bad harvests; bread prices increasing
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Irish potato famine The Young Marx and the early socialist movement Revolution in France, Feb. 1848 July Monarchy ends Liberals and radicals unite to force out King Louis Philippe (House of Orleans) Second Republic established But quarrels b/t liberals and radicals Springtime of Peoples Other 1848 Revolutions: Berlin, Vienna, Budapest, Rome, Dresden Calling of the Frankfurt Parliament Heroes: Mazzini, Garibaldi Enemies: Bismark and Friedrich Wilhelm IV (Prussia); Metternich and Franz  Josef (Austria) The ‘June Days’ 1848 Revolutions begin to falter Reactionary regimes seize their opportunities Revolutions put down in Central Europe by Austrians, together with Russians Napoleon III in France The 2 nd  Republic ends, December 1851
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course HIST 1003 taught by Professor Zucker during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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Hist exam 2 - History1003EXAM2 :Europe,18201848...

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