time line western civ europe in 1500

time line western civ europe in 1500 - 19:51 Western Civ....

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19:51 Western Civ. 8-25-09 Europe in 1500: Life in an Insignificant Backwater Europe c. 1500 1453-Constantinople fell to the Turks, cuts off trade routes to east and Turks move into Europe and spread Islam. Italian Renaissance around 1500. A. Geography and economics 1. Europe in the world Henry the 8 th comes to power in England States don’t feel secure (little struggles, not ready for war) At this point, Europe had no appeal to the rest of the world. Thriving fairs and markets- the world of trade in the 1500s (local Rarely travel; dangerous Christendom: A World (at least partly!) United By Religion B. Social Structure: A Society of Orders Three “Estates” Those with privileges 1. The Clergy (those who pray) 2. The Nobility (those who fight) 3. Everybody Else
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Terms : seigneurs or lords (run the courts, administer justice to the peasants), vassals, serfs (servants, worked basically everyday), feudal dues, corvee (road building duty), tenure (enough time on the land in order to have the right to preserve it and pass it on to descendents) Town Life: A world of Privileges too- but a little more flexibility (and danger) Merchants, guilds (had to have legal right to be a shoemaker etc. Not a free market and journeymen Dirty, smelly, nasty. Orphans, widows Women’s Lives: women in guilds, the weaving industry, nuns, owners of businesses Christine de Pisan Demographics and the Legacy of the Black Death- The waning of the High Middle Ages, the Little Ice Age, and the Bubonic Plague (14 th century). Recovery and change, especially in Italy C. Everyday Life Moderate climate, high rainfall, good soil warm summers. Mediterranean Trade in the south D. Culture -The renaissance Origins of the Reformation Southern Europe to 1517 The Mediterranean World Spain, Portugal, and Italy Commerce and conquests Before the fall of Constantinople, Europe dealt mostly with the East/Mediterranean Northern Europe felt extremely isolated from the Catholic/Southern Europe
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Northern Europe to 1517 The HRE Voltaire- “not holy, not Roman, not an empire” England Trade routes before 1517- constricted to English Channel/Baltic Sea The Church before the Reformation A corrupt church The church’s wealth The church’s obligations The church’s offenses The Renaissance Popes Alexander VI (1492-1503) Children: Cesare and Lucezia Borgia Leo X (1513-1521) Medici family, spent money on own pleasures Indulgence money used to build new cathedrals Indulgence was the forgiveness of sins that could be granted to those who were already dead and could shorten one’s time in purgatory Went to building the new St. Peter’s as a massive palace Johan Tetzel raised funds for Leo X The church’s internal conflicts and critics The Franciscans
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Patron saint: St. Francis Savonarola Monk- critic of the clergy, exceedingly vocal of Alexander VI Was tried for heresy and burned at the stake V. The Church before the Reformation Social and economic structures which replicate the hierarchical society at large
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time line western civ europe in 1500 - 19:51 Western Civ....

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