Prejudice

Prejudice - DEFINITIONS OF PREJUDICE Antipathy based on...

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DEFINITIONS OF PREJUDICE “Antipathy based on faulty and inflexible generalization” - G. Allport “A negative attitude toward a socially defined group, and any person perceived to be a member of that group” - R. Ashmore “A faulty generalization from a group characterization to an individual member of that group irrespective of either (1) the accuracy of the group characterization or (2) the applicability of the group characterization of the individual in question” - E. Jones
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Cognitive and Behavioral Components of Prejudicial Attitude Stereotypes - Beliefs about social groups used to make inferences, predictions, and attributions about individuals The distinction between stereotypes and individuating information Discrimination - Differential treatment based on perceived group membership. Negative behavior toward outgroup or preferential treatment of ingroup
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ARE STEREOTYPES INACCURATE, NEGATIVE, IRRATIONAL, RESISTANT TO CHANGE, AND ALWAYS PROBLEMATIC? Accuracy vs. Inaccuracy - beliefs about within and between group variability Swim (1994): Gender stereotypes are generally accurate; when not, underestimation of gender difference is more likely! Evaluative tone - positive vs. negative stereotypes Preference for individuating information When stereotypes may help
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Theories of Prejudice: Social Sources Unequal status - prejudice as a justifying ideology Institutional supports Segregation Education
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Prejudice - DEFINITIONS OF PREJUDICE Antipathy based on...

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