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111-18 - GY 111 Lecture Notes D Haywick(2008-09 1 GY 111...

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GY 111 Lecture Notes D. Haywick (2008-09) 1 GY 111 Lecture Note Series Sedimentary Environments 1: Alluvial Fans Lecture Goals A) Depositional/Sedimentary Environments B) Alluvial fan depositional environments C) Sediment and rocks that form on alluvial fans Reference: Press et al., 2004, Chapter 7; Grotzinger et al., 2007, Chapter 18, p 449 GY 111 Lab manual Chapter 3 A) Depositional/sedimentary environments Last time we met, we discussed how sediment moved from one place to another. Remember that sediment is produced in a lot of different locations, but it seldom stays where it is produced. The action of water, wind and ice transport it from the sediment source to the sediment sink. The variety of sediment sinks that exist on the planet is truly amazing. There are river basins, lakes, deserts, lagoons, swamps, deltas, beaches, barrier islands, reefs, continental shelves, the abyssal plains (very deep!), trenches (even deeper!) etc. As we discussed last time, these places are called depositional environments (also known as sedimentary environments ). Each depositional environment may also have several subdivisions. For example, there are open beaches, sheltered beaches, shingle beaches, sand beaches, strandline beaches, even mud beaches. It takes a very good Note: At this point in the course, my version of GY 111 starts to diverge a bit from my colleagues. I tend to focus a bit more on sedimentary processes then they do mostly because we live in an area that is dominated by sedimentation and I figure that you should be as familiar as possible with the subject. As it turns out, the web notes are also more comprehensive than what you'll find in your text book
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