301-pp8 - GIS Applications in the Environment Geomorphology...

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1 GIS Applications in the GIS • Geographic Information Systems (or Sciences) – Systems implies a software program or suite of programs – Sciences implies the theoretical framework, programming, processes and platform What is GIS? • An tool that is used to analyze any data or set of data that is spatial in its distribution Red areas of southern Florida are susceptible to a five-meter rise of sea level, based on elevation. Yellow denotes urban areas. GIS • Many disciplines contribute to GIS – Geography, cartography, geology, computer programming. .. • Disciplines who use GIS in their work include: – Geography, geology, criminal justice, sociology, meteorology, political science, archeology… GIS is used to… • Facilitate communication between different entities • Solve problems • Make decisions • Understand past and present situations • Anticipate future scenarios Using GIS in Geology • Geomorphology: mass movements (slope stability, old deposits), channel erosion, barrier island movement • Environment: soil erosion, land use/land cover change, flood zones – Inventories: landslide location, new construction, septic tank location, flora and fauna distribution, flooding history, regional geology, groundwater
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2 How does GIS work? • As a tool, researchers look at how multiple
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2012 for the course GLY 301 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at S. Alabama.

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301-pp8 - GIS Applications in the Environment Geomorphology...

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