301-pp8 - GIS Applications in the Environment Geomorphology...

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1 GIS Applications in the Environment & Geomorphology GIS Geographic Information Systems (or Sciences) – Systems implies a software program or suite of programs – Sciences implies the theoretical framework, programming, processes and platform What is GIS? An tool that is used to analyze any data or set of data that is spatial in its distribution Red areas of southern Florida are susceptible to a five-meter rise of sea level, based on elevation. Yellow denotes urban areas. GIS Many disciplines contribute to GIS – Geography, cartography, geology, computer programming... Disciplines who use GIS in their work include: – Geography, geology, criminal justice, sociology, meteorology, political science, archeology… GIS is used to… Facilitate communication between different entities Solve problems Make decisions Understand past and present situations Anticipate future scenarios Using GIS in Geology Geomorphology: mass movements (slope stability, old deposits), channel erosion, barrier island movement Environment: soil erosion, land use/land cover change, flood zones – Inventories: landslide location, new construction, septic tank location, flora and fauna distribution, flooding history, regional geology, groundwater
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2 How does GIS work?
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