2.BS_111_Study_Guide_2_2011

2.BS_111_Study_Guide_2_2011 - BS 111 Study Guide 2...

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BS 111 Study Guide 2 (Kopachik) Hydrocarbons/ Functional Groups Ch. 4 pp. 58-66 Define, describe or illustrate the following vocabulary terms and use the term in context in a sentence. Tetrahedron 四四四 Hydrocarbon 四四四四四 Structural isomer 四四四四四 Geometric isomer 四四四四四 Cis isomer 四四四四四 Trans isomer 四四四四四 四四四四四 Enantiome 四四四 Asymmetric carbon 四四四四四四 Functional group 四四四 Hydroxyl 四四 Carbonyl Carboxyl Amino Sulfhydryl Phosphate 四四四 Phosphorylation 四四四四四 Dephosphorylation Methyl group Main points of this lecture: 1. Carbon is an especially fit molecule for making compounds of life. It forms 4 nonpolar covalent bonds (single or double bonds) from the asymmetric carbon. The tetrahedron shape, ability to form branched or straight chains, as well as rings allows for great diversity of molecular structure. Double bonds make the hydrocarbon planar. Many different shapes are possible for the many different functions needed.
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2012 for the course BS 111 taught by Professor Patterson during the Spring '05 term at Michigan State University.

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2.BS_111_Study_Guide_2_2011 - BS 111 Study Guide 2...

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