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Chapter 4 part 1 - -Boston Newport New York Philadelphia...

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Bauer 1 Chapter 4 1. What was the largest group of white, non-English immigrants to the colonies? What were some of their cultural contributions to North America? -The largest group of newcomers consisted of Scots-Irish, it is estimated that 150,000 Scots-Irish migrated to the colonies before the revolution. 2. Why did large number of Germans immigrate to North America if the 17 th and 18 th centuries? Where did most of them settle? -Germans from the upper Rhine Valley moved to the New World primarily in the hope of finding religious tolerance. A group of Mennonites established in Pennsylvania a prosperous community known as Germantown. 3. Briefly describe Spanish settlements in the Southwest in the 17 th and 18 th centuries. -During the 18 th century the Spanish empire in North America included widely dispersed settlements such as San Francisco, San Diego, Santa Fe, San Antonio, and St. Augustine. 4. Describe the growth of provincial cities in the American colonies.
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Unformatted text preview: -Boston, Newport, New York, Philadelphia, and Charles Town were the five largest cities and yet contained only about 5% of the colonial population. None had more than 40,000 persons in 1775. The relatively slow development lies in their highly specialized commercial character. Colonial port towns served as entrepots, intermediary trade and shipping centers where bulk cargoes were broken up for inland distribution and where agricultural products were gathered for export. 5. Identify the key characteristics of the Age of Enlightenment.-This intellectual revolution replaced the concept of original sin with a much more optimistic view of human nature. A benevolent God, having set the universe in motion, gave human beings the power of reason to enable them to comprehend the orderly workings of his creation. Everything, even human society, operated according to these mechanical rules....
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