CP Research Paper Intermediate

CP Research Paper Intermediate - Corinne Roels February 9,...

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Corinne Roels February 9, 2009 AP English Lit Period 3 Research Paper Final Draft Preface: Steroids have impacted the realm of sports since Ancient times, allowing competitors to gain an unfair advantage over other players. As I train for a marathon clean of any steroid use, I find it interesting how many competitors actually subject their success to performance-enhancing drugs. The lengths that athletes will go to in order to assure that they win are astonishing, and the increasing popularity of the use of these drugs has negatively impacted the reputation of sports, namely those concerning track and field. My research explores the history and effectiveness of steroids on athletes, specifically runners, and the impact of drug use on the integrity of the sport. Title At the 1976 Olympic Track and Field Trials held in Eugene, Oregon, 23 United States athletes tested positive for drug use of the 40 enrolled in the trials. Also that year, eight athletes out of 275 showed positive results for steroids at the Montreal Summer Olympics. Although short of the astonishing fifty seven percent discovered in the Eugene trials, an informal drug test for steroid use before the Moscow Summer Olympics in 1980 revealed that twenty percent of the athletes used performance-enhancing drugs (Pampel). Surprisingly, these single cases fell short of noteworthy status to the public, despite their scandalous nature. Finally in 1988, one specific instance caught the attention of the press and exposed the sickening truth of steroid use in sports. Ben Johnson, a famous track and field athlete, was not the only user of steroids while competing in the Olympics; however, he became the Games’ most famous cheater. Over the span of his athletic career, “he emerged as the world’s fastest man” winning several bronze, silver and gold medals in various athletic competitions across the world (Pampel 18). Early in his career, Johnson claimed victory over his rival Carl Lewis during the 100-meter dash and set a new world record. Still celebrating the day after he had been awarded the gold medal, an
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analysis of his urine samples from before the race was released, disclosing evidence of stanozolol, an orally taken anabolic steroid made to replicate the hormone testosterone. Even with uncontestable evidence suggesting his unfair advantage, Johnson “denied that he had taken any drugs and specifically denied” ingesting stanozolol (Pampel 19). He and his trainers had no way to explain how the stanozolol was found in his urine, leading to the revocation of his gold medal. Stripped of his medal, and with nothing left but a tarnished reputation, Johnson’s story exhibits one of the many repercussions associated with steroid usage. Anabolic steroids have affected more athletes than have been exposed to the public,
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CP Research Paper Intermediate - Corinne Roels February 9,...

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