geo chapter 1 - Geo 100 Professor Ohan Chapter 1:Review...

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Geo 100 Professor Ohan Chapter 1 Review Questions : 1) Geology means the study of earth. The two broad areas of the science of geology are physical geology, which examines the materials composing earth and the processes that operate beneath and upon its surface; and historical geology, which seeks to understand the origin of earth and its development through time. 2) The relationship between people and the natural environment is an important focus of geology. This includes natural hazards, recourses, and human influences on geologic processes. 3) During the 17th and 18th century, catastrophism influenced the formulation of explanations about earth. Catastrophism states that earth's landscapes have been developed primarily by great catastrophes. 4) By contrast uniformitarianism, one of the fundamental principles of modern geology advanced by James Hutton in the late 1700s, states that physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate today have also operated in the geologic past. 5) The earth is about 4.5 billion years. 6) Using the principles of relative dating, the placing of events in their proper sequence or order without knowing their age in years, scientists developed a geologic time scale during the 19
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geo chapter 1 - Geo 100 Professor Ohan Chapter 1:Review...

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