Fearon (1998)- Bargaining, Enforcement, and International Cooperation

Fearon (1998)- Bargaining, Enforcement, and International Cooperation

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Bargaining, Enforcement, and International Cooperation James D. Fearon (1998) Fearon, James D. 1998. “Bargaining, Enforcement, and International Cooperation.” International Organization. 52(2): 269-305. Section 1: Introduction Cooperation Theory=Neoliberal Institutionalism Premise: Different Issues and Issue Domains have different “strategic structures” (meaning that they can be represented by different games) Realists claim that cooperation is only to be found under situations of “Coordination Games” Neolibs claim that the “Long Shadow of the Future” can help to create situations of cooperation- “the states that have to care sufficiently about future payoffs and expect that future interactions are likely enough for the threat of retaliation to deter cheating.” 270 Fearon claims that The Different Strategic Structures for different issues premise is unnecessary and inefficient Fearon claims that rather than enforcement problems, states have difficulty in the bargaining phase (which precedes enforcement) and that if there IS an enforcement issue, states will just never come to a bargaining equilibrium Novel Hypothesis: “Long Shadow of the Future may make enforcement easier but it makes states bargain far harder in the bargaining phase, “…delaying agreement in hopes of getting a better deal “The shadow of the future thus appears to cut in two ways. Necessary to make
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Fearon (1998)- Bargaining, Enforcement, and International Cooperation

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