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Milner (1987)- Resisting the Protectionist Temptation

Milner (1987)- Resisting the Protectionist Temptation -...

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Resisting the Protectionist Temptation: Industry and the Making of Trade Policy in France and the United States During the 1970’s By: Helen Milner (1987) Milner, Helen. “Resisting the Protectionist Temptation: Industry and the Making of Trade Policy in France and the United States During the 1970’s.” International Organization. 41(4): 639-665. Largely Qualitative Paper focused on France and US case studies Suggested reasons why protectionism should have been seen in the 1970’s: 1. 2 Oil Shocks 2. End of Bretton Woods 3. Severe Inflationary Pressures 4. Rapidly Shifting Patterns of Comparative Advantage Main Argument: “Despite serious economic difficulties, the advanced industrial states appear overall to have maintained fairly open economies.” 640 Research Question: Why?? Former Hypotheses: 1. “…the existence of the GATT trade regime as a central factor holding back protectionist forces…the rules and norms of the GATT system made protection more costly and less legitimate, thus diminishing states’ will to use it.” 640 2. “…Structure of the international system…the distribution of power among states, whether still hegemonic or multipolar, prevented recourse to protectionism.” 3. “…character of the domestic policy-making system…prevented the translation of protectionist pressures into policies…the lessened role of
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