Gowa and Mansfield (1993)- Power Politics and International Trade

Gowa and Mansfield (1993)- Power Politics and International Trade

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Power Politics and International Trade By: Joanne Gowa and Edward D. Mansfield Gowa, Joanne, and Edward D. Mansfield. 1993. “Power Politics and International Trade.” The American Political Science Review. 87(2): 408-420. Abstract: Recent literature attributes the relative scarcity of open international markets to the prisoner’s dilemma structure of state preferences with respect to trade. We argue that the prisoner’s dilemma representation does not reflect the most critical aspects of free trade agreements in an anarchic international system, namely, their security externalities. We consider these external effects explicitly. Doing so leads us to two conclusions: (1) free trade is ore likely within, rather than across, political military alliances; and (2) alliances are more likely to evolve into free-trade coalitions if they are embedded in bipolar systems than in multipolar systems. Using data drawn from an 80-year period beginning in 1905, we test these hypotheses. The results of the analysis make it clear that alliances do have a direct, statistically significant, and large impact on bilateral trade flows and that this relationship is stronger in bipolar, rather than in multipolar, systems. 1. Questions: a. Do alliances increase trade as compared with non-alliance for major powers? b. Does the structure of the international system (bipolar vs. multipolar) effect the “positive externalities” of alliances? 2. Novel Approach: a. Introduce the idea that security externalities are a positive effect of trade agreements b. Introduce the idea that “tariff games between allies are systematically different from those played between actual or potential adversaries.” 408 c. Use a much longer frame of time for their study 3. Theoretical Perspective: a. Neorealist? 4.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 5

Gowa and Mansfield (1993)- Power Politics and International Trade

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online