PSY111 Notes - Disorganized speech: loose associations,...

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Psychological Disorders The Disorders Psychosis (psychotic): - Loss of contact with reality - Often requires hospitalization - Two most compelling examples of psychotic disorders are: schizophrenia and bipolar disorder Schizophrenia - Literal meaning: split mind NOT split personality (multiple personality). This is the most common myth in psychology - Epidemiology o Prevalence= 1% o Men=Women However: men develop cases earlier in life and more severe o Higher rate among lower social classes o Higher rate in inner cities - Symptoms o Positive symptoms Delusions: bizarre (thought broadcasting) cannot happen versus non-bizarre (persecution) possible Hallucinations: auditory, visual, olfactory, gustatory, tactile (formication: tactile- bugs crawling under skin)
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Unformatted text preview: Disorganized speech: loose associations, clang association, word salad, echolalia, neologisms o Negative symptoms Flat affect, poverty of speech, apathy, inappropriate affect-Subtypes o Catatonic: motor symptoms such as waxy flexibility or total inactivity o Disorganized: highly regressed, inappropriate effect, back-ward schizophrenics. Worst prognosis. o Paranoid: delusions and/or hallucinations o Undifferentiated: wastebasket category o Residuals: no active psychotic symptoms -Etiology of Schizophrenia o Genetic Factors The proband or index case: definition Conclusions Mood Disorders -Major Depression- 16% of population -Dysthymia- minor to moderate depression-Bipolar Disorder- -Cyclothymic...
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