111-pp1 - UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH ALABAMA 1. Today's Agenda...

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Unformatted text preview: UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH ALABAMA 1. Today's Agenda Introductions and class policy 2. What do geologists do Why you should consider geology GY 111: Physical Geology 3. Lecture 1: Introduction to Physical Geology Introductions Doug Haywick Department of Earth Sciences LSCB 121 460-7569 dhaywick@jaguar1.usouthal.edu GY 111 subject material Structure and chemistry of minerals Plate tectonic theory (fundamental theory linking most aspects of geology together) Igneous rocks (volcanoes) Sedimentary rocks (beaches, reefs, rivers, etc.) Metamorphic rocks (rock deformation) Geological time (the Earth is 4.6 billion years old!) Folds and faults (earthquakes) Mountain building (structural geology) Assessment 3 lecture exams (Sept 26, Nov 4, Dec 14-final) 5 quizzes (first part of course) 4 take home assignments (after Lecture exam 1) Rock/Mineral Assignment Attendance (Nov 30) Text book Not required, but might be helpful: Grotzinger et al., (2007) Understanding Earth http:/www.whfreeman.com/presssiever/ Web lecture pages: http://www.southalabama.edu/geology/haywick Da rules Attendance is MANDATORY Attendance versus Grades GY 111 Grades vs Attendance (Total student numbers n = 219) 180 F 160 140 # of absences 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0-4 5 6 # of students (2000-2005) 7 8+ D C B A Attendance versus Grades GY 111 Grades vs Attendance (overall percentages) 100.0 90.0 80.0 70.0 8+ Percentage 60.0 50.0 40.0 30.0 20.0 10.0 0.0 A B C Letter Grade D F 7 6 5 0-4 Overall Grade Distribution Grade A B C D F WD Percentage of students 23% 25% 27% 8% 5% 12% More rules Attendance is MANDATORY for labs & lectures If you have a disability, let me know about it The syllabus is a contract, but it's subject to change. If it is a big change, you will be notified Turn off your cell phones before you enter the lecture/lab room. They can NOT be left on tables during exams If you have a problem, contact me via phone (460-7569) or E-mail (dhaywick@jaguar1.usouthal.edu) So what exactly do geologists do? So what exactly do geologists do? The Guts of the Earth Astronomy picture of the day (http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod) Source: http://www.solarviews.com/cap/earth/earthfg2.htm Petroleum exploration Coal mining Volcano research Groundwater Urban/coastal planning Urban/coastal planning Meandering Rivers Delta Mobile So what exactly do geologists do? Estuaries Barrier Islands Beaches 15 km NASA Landsat image Sedimentology So what exactly do geologists do? Mining and mineral exploration Fossil fuel exploration Engineering geology Environmental geology Hydrology Volcanology Seismology Remote sensing/GIS Teaching So what exactly do geologists do? Mining and mineral exploration Fossil fuel exploration Engineering geology Environmental geology Hydrology Volcanology Seismology Remote sensing/GIS Teaching Landfill design Military Planning Urban Planning Hazards mitigation Planetary geology Hydrology Planetary geology Predicting future events Police & legal work State/Federal government Is a Career in the geosciences for you? Is a Career in the geosciences for you? 1998 Physical Sciences Employment within the United States Biologists Chemists Geologists Physicists 118,000 97,000 46,000 20,000 1998 Average Physical Sciences Salaries within the United States (BS degrees) Chemists Geologists Biologists Physicists $29,300 $27,900 $22,900 N/A* Reference: Holbrook, John, 1998, Career Potential in the sciences, PALAIOS, Volume 13, No. 2 Is a Career in the geosciences for you? The ever important jobs to graduates ratio* Number of BS Degrees Granted between 1970 and 1974 Biology Chemistry Physics Geology 659,495 244,348 94,862 88,906 * The lower the better Reference: Holbrook, John, 1998, Career Potential in the sciences, PALAIOS, Volume 13, No. 2 The ever important jobs to graduates ratio* Holbrook drop dead replacement rate Time to replace all jobs in the event that all physical scientists scientists suddenly died Biology: 1: 5.6 Physics 1: 4.7 Chemistry 1: 2.5 Geology 1: 1.9 * The lower the better Reference: Holbrook, John, 1998, Career Potential in the sciences, PALAIOS, Volume 13, No. 2 Holbrook drop dead replacement rate Time to replace all jobs in the event that all physical scientists scientists suddenly died Holbrook drop dead replacement rate Time to replace all jobs in the event that all physical scientists suddenly died Geology 17.2 years Geology Chemistry 17.2 years 10.3 years Reference: Holbrook, John, 1998, Career Potential in the sciences, PALAIOS, Volume 13, No. 2 Reference: Holbrook, John, 1998, Career Potential in the sciences, PALAIOS, Volume 13, No. 2 Holbrook drop dead replacement rate Time to replace all jobs in the event that all physical scientists scientists suddenly died Holbrook drop dead replacement rate Time to replace all jobs in the event that all physical scientists scientists suddenly died Geology Chemistry Physics 17.2 years 10.3 years 5 years Geology Chemistry Physics Biology 17.2 years 10.3 years 5 years 5 semesters Reference: Holbrook, John, 1998, Career Potential in the sciences, PALAIOS, Volume 13, No. 2 Reference: Holbrook, John, 1998, Career Potential in the sciences, PALAIOS, Volume 13, No. 2 Today's Homework 1. 2. Download and read web notes 1 Quiz 1 (5 minutes at start of class) Next Time 1. Intro to Plate Tectonics (web notes 2) ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course GLY 111 taught by Professor Haywick during the Fall '11 term at S. Alabama.

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