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supplementarypaperinfo - National Water Research Institute...

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National Water Research Institute AN NWRI WHITE PAPER Direct Potable Reuse: Benefits for Public Water Supplies, Agriculture, the Environment, and Energy Conservation Prepared by: E DWARD S CHROEDER , G EORGE T CHOBANOGLOUS , H AROLD L. L EVERENZ , AND T AKASHI A SANO Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of California, Davis
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1 NWRI White Paper Direct Potable Reuse: Benefits for Public Water Supplies, Agriculture, the Environment, and Energy Conservation Prepared by: Edward Schroeder, George Tchobanoglous, Harold L. Leverenz, and Takashi Asano Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering University of California at Davis Davis, California Prepared for: National Water Research Institute Fountain Valley, California January 2012
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i About NWRI A 501c3 nonprofit organization, the National Water Research Institute (NWRI) was founded in 1991 by a group of California water agencies in partnership with the Joan Irvine Smith and Athalie R. Clarke Foundation to promote the protection, maintenance, and restoration of water supplies and to protect public health and improve the environment. NWRI’s member agencies include Inland Empire Utilities Agency, Irvine Ranch Water District, Los Angeles Department of Water and Power, Orange County Sanitation District, Orange County Water District, and West Basin Municipal Water District. For more information, please contact: National Water Research Institute 18700 Ward Street P.O. Box 8096 Fountain Valley, California 92728-8096 USA Phone: (714) 378-3278 Fax: (714) 378-3375 www.nwri-usa.org Jeffrey J. Mosher, Executive Director Gina Melin Vartanian, Editor © 2012 by the National Water Research Institute. All rights reserved. Publication Number NWRI-2012-01
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ii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This NWRI White Paper was prepared by Edward Schroeder, George Tchobanoglous, Harold L. Leverenz, and Takashi Asano of the University of California, Davis. Special thanks are extended to Gina Melin Vartanian of NWRI and Professor Rafael Mujeriego of the Polytechnic University of Catalonia for their help and advice.
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iii CONTENTS ACRONYMS AND UNITS OF MEASURE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . iv 1. INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2. BENEFITS OF DIRECT POTABLE REUSE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2.1 Benefits for Public Water Supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2.2 Benefits for Agriculture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2.3 Benefits for the Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.4 Reduced Energy for Pumping Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 3. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA – AN EXAMPLE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3.1 Current Southern California Water Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3.2 Value of Agriculture in the San Joaquin Valley . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.3 Potential for DPR in Southern California . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 3.4 Stabilization of the San Joaquin Valley Water Districts’ Supply
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2012 for the course CEE 255A taught by Professor Erichoek during the Fall '11 term at UCLA.

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supplementarypaperinfo - National Water Research Institute...

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