MidtermStudyGuidefromFessler

MidtermStudyGuidefromFessler - Anthropology 124P Fall 2011...

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1 Anthropology 124P Fall 2011 – Midterm Study Questions You will have the full class period for this exam. Three of the following questions will be selected by the instructor (you will not be given a choice as to which questions to answer). The questions are designed to be fully answerable based solely on the material presented in the readings and lectures – while I cannot stop students from seeking out additional information from the Interweb or other sources, I have no expectation that they should do so. You may not bring any notes or similar materials with you to the exam. Each question will be worth 20 points, and each question will be weighted equally. Read each question carefully, and ensure that your answer addresses all parts of the question. Your response to each question must be self-contained; you may not cross-reference your responses to different questions. Note that there is a typo in the syllabus – the midterm exam covers up to and including material discussed on 10/19/11. Your answers should be concise and to the point – including extraneous material will not help, and may hurt, your grade. The midterm exam will be held Monday, October 24 in the regular classroom (Haines 39) during the regular class period (8:00-9:15 a.m.). YOU MUST BRING YOUR UCLA STUDENT I.D. WITH YOU TO THE EXAM . In addition, bring two pens (blue or black ink only) with you to the exam; do not bring blue books or similar papers to the exam. Lastly, please review the Transportation Policy provided on the syllabus in advance of the exam. 1. a) Across species, sexual selection usually acts more strongly on males than on females. Explain why this occurs. b) Describe three human male morphological (not behavioral) attributes attributes thought to have resulted from sexual selection and explain how sexual selection may have acted to produce each. c) Compared to other mammalian females, women are unusual in that they seem to exhibit a number of sexually selected morphological traits. Describe two functionally distinct and prominent morphological traits that distinguish human females and explain how these may have been produced by sexual selection. d) Given that sexual selection appears to have shaped human female morphology, explain how aspects of human reproduction have altered the general pattern addressed in (a). e) Two different processes have been proposed as explanations for how sexual selection could produce a wide variety of traits that do not enhance the chances of survival. Name and describe each of these processes, and explain how they differ from one another. f). For each of the processes described in part (e), use one human trait to illustrate how the given process may have influenced our species (note: your answer can include two traits, each of which illustrates one of the processes in part [e]). 2) a) Sexual reproduction imposes a number of costs on organisms.
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MidtermStudyGuidefromFessler - Anthropology 124P Fall 2011...

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