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Unformatted text preview: Anthropology 33 Project Component #2 Participation is the vital interaction of actors in a particular situation. It portrays the roles that people play and, in their co-construction, creates each actor’s behavior. When actors hold predetermined roles in an interaction, many of the behaviors are expected. The factors that contribute to participation framework, such as the physical orientation of actors with one another, situation within the particular special environment, body language, and pauses also contribute to expected roles. Observing participation within the context of linguistic anthropology allows us to understand how these expected relationships are fulfilled during particular interactions. The observation of participation contributes to our analysis of the merger of culture and language within a particular context. The types of participant frameworks that are constructed at the Subway in Westwood Village are imperative and define the participation that takes place between the two actors: employees and customers. Participation framework occurs in specific settings and defines the type of interaction the actors will participate in. The locations of tables, presence of others who have a predetermined role in your life (i.e. authority, friends, family) or familiarity with the setting help determine how participants interact with one another in the surrounding settings. Participants adjust their roles in an interaction based on the setting that encourage certain types of behavior. In a restaurant setting for example, the existence of a host who sits a customer at a tables highlight the isolation in actor’s (customer, server) roles: those sitting are there to consume whereas the servers are there to facilitate the consumption. Roles exist in a restaurant even with the exclusion of a hostess. However, a hostess in our society cues participants to understand the importance of the server. Therefore, the physical dynamics of the restaurant become imperative to establishing...
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course ANTHRO 124P taught by Professor Fessler during the Spring '07 term at UCLA.
- Spring '07