F11Anth110-Lec01-Introduction - Anthropology 110P A th l...

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Unformatted text preview: Anthropology 110P A th l Principles of Archaeology The Theory of A h l i l Th Th f Archaeological Methods Instructor Dr. Jeff Brantingham Dr Office Hours: Tuesdays 1:30 PM-4 PM; or by PMappointment Office: Haines Hall 311 ffi i ll Phone: 310-267-4251 310-267 email: [email protected] UCLA Fall Quarter 2011 1 2 Required Readings q g Electronic Resources https://classes.sscnet.ucla.edu/course/view.p https://classes.sscnet.ucla.edu/course/view.p hp?name=11F-ANTHRO110Php?name=11F-ANTHRO110P-1 IT IS ALWAYS BETTER TO COME AND SEE ME IN PERSON THAN TO EMAIL ME Renfrew, C., and P. Bahn. , , Bahn. 2008. Archaeology: Theories, Methods, and Practice. 5th ed. Practice. London: Thames & Hudson. ISBN:978- 500-28713ISBN:978-0-500-28713-2 Additional Readings posted on class website l b it 3 4 Exams Optional Research Paper p p Midterm Exam (100 Points, 50% of grade) Thursday, November 3, 2011, IN CLASS Th d N b 3 2011 all pre-midterm material pre MANDATORY 1010-page library research paper Due: Thursday, November 17, 2011, 4PM in Haines 341 i H i If you complete the paper the final exam becomes optional Your grade will be calculated on the basis of your TOP TWO MARKS 6 Final E Fi l Exam (100 Points, 50% of grade) P i t f d ) 8-11AM, Tuesday, December 6, 2011 CUMULATIVE OPTIONAL IF YOU DO THE PAPER 5 Research Paper Requirements p q Grades Letter Grade A Percentage 100 - 90 89.989.9-80 79.9 - 70 69.9 - 60 < 60 Select topic from list or DESIGN YOUR OWN No more than 10 pages, double spaced, 1" margins; excludes references, tables and figures i l d f t bl d fi Must submit an electronic AND a paper copy of your research paper on the paper due date All research papers MUST be submitted to www.turnitin.com for your protection! 7 B C D F I d not apply grading curves do t l di 8 Important Policies definition of archaeology The Twelve Questions What is left? How were societies organized? LECTURES AND READINGS ARE COMPLIMENTARY THIS IS A READING-INTENSIVE COURSE READINGINCOMPLETES WILL NOT BE GRANTED NO MAKEUP EXAMS GRADES WILL NOT BE CHANGED AFTER THEY ARE ISSUED CHEATING WILL NOT BE TOLERATED 9 social archaeology trade, exchange, warfare cognitive archaeology physical remains, formation processes survey, excavation absolute and relative time, chronology, dating methods environmental archaeology subsistence, diet What contacts did they have? Where? What did they think? When? Who were they and what were they like? What was the environment? individual in prehistory explanation in archaeology archaeology and the public Why did things change? What did they eat? Who's past? How did they make and use tools? t l? technology, typology 10 group organization & food transport vs. 11 12 World's first village World s y , y Catalhoyuk, Turkey 9500 BP 10,000 people 13 14 15 16 Tiwanaku: Tiwanaku: elites vs. commoners attached craft specialists + = + 600-800 AD--40,000 people 17 18 archaeology explanation of (past) human behavior using ph sical remains physical physical remains explanation 19 20 the process of archaeology What is left? How do we define the archaeological record? What are the basic units of data that comprise information about the past? i f i b h Is the archaeological record a perfect reflection of the past? 22 discovery & recovery analysis reconstruction explanation middle-range theory iddl h Schiffer 1988 21 Where? When? When? placing physical remains within a SPATIAL (Where?) and TEMPORAL (When?) framework Where: spatial concerns addressed through Chronology = the study of time Dating methods = cultural, chemical, physical and g , ,p y geological techniques used to assign time to the archaeological record SURVEY = EXCAVATION = 23 24 What was the environment? What did they eat? specialized fields dedicated to studying physical remains of the environments in which humans lived and interacted di d diet = the specific foods that are consumed to acquire energy and nutrients subsistence = the behaviors used to acquire, process and consume foods in the diet zooarchaeology... archaeobotany... zooarchaeology... archaeobotany... bioarchaeology ... sedimentology ...geochemistry geochemistry coleopterology palynology 25 26 How did they make and use tools? How were societies organized? Technology is the "interface" between humans and the environment With whom did people interact? How did they interact? reconstruction of trade, exchange, warfare... 27 28 What did they think? Who Owns the Past? 99.9% of human evolutionary history there is no DIRECT evidence of what people thought "cognitive archaeology" provides a way of id f focusing archaeological attention on the human mind Many parties claim ownership of the past. How do past we determine what all claims/interpretations are true and what are the political implications? claims backed up by evidence carry greater weight 29 Politics of land in East Jerusalem 30 Readings for Weeks 1 & 2 g TODAY: R1: Schiffer 1988 (on class website) Lec 2: R&B Chapter 1 R2: Reid et al. (on class website) al Lec 3: R&B Chapter 2 31 ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/04/2012 for the course ANTHRO 124P taught by Professor Fessler during the Spring '07 term at UCLA.

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