magicreligionmidterm

magicreligionmidterm - Chapter 1 Anthropology Cultural...

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Chapter 1 Anthropology Cultural Anthropology o Study of contemporary human societies Linguistics o The study of languages, thought to be unique to humans Archaeology o The study of people from their physical and cultural remains Holism o Looking at how religion affects all other aspects of society. An  example of the all-encompassing method Participant Observation o To live amongst and participate in the culture of a studies society,  while remaining as objective as possible, typifies this research  method Foraging Bands Horticulture Pastoral Nomads Ethnography o The written descriptions of human societies Ethnographer Ethnographic Present Culture Area o Geographic area where societies tend to share many traits, either  because of similar responses to the environment or because of  cultural diffusion between these groups The Fore of New Guinea o 200 people dying a year. The people were eating the dead people. Etic Analysis o Studies based on  your own culture Emic Analysis o Trying to view things from their culture Ethnocentrism o Seeing everything from  your  culture Modernism
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o Began with the Renaissance and the Englightenment. A reaction to  the superstition and hysteria of Europe’s “dark ages” Postmodernism o “There is no true knowledge, only human constructions of truth that   we must try and deconstruct” Religion Animism o Beliefs in spiritual beings Supernatural Culture o Beliefs and behaviors of a society that are learned and transmitted  from one generation to the next Sacred o To revere and respect an object, palce or person is to regard it as  this Positivism o “The only knowledge is scientific knowledge” . Found within  modernism Animatism Marxist Approach o “Religion as a human construction in response to distress,   maintained by those in power” Functional Approach o Approach concerned with the role of Religion (what does it do) in  society Collective Conscious o A system of beliefs that act to contain natural selfishness of  individuals and to promote social cooperation Reifcation Interpretive Approach o “Culture is a text to be read and in which anthropologists can read   meaning”  –Clifford Geertz Psychosocial Approach o Sigmend Freud o Individual emotions are projected cooperation Bronislaw Malinowski
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o Functional Franz Boas o Functional also Read mythology like an autobiography written by  the culture God module Agnosticism Guro**** creation story o Man, pig ?!?! Chapter 2
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magicreligionmidterm - Chapter 1 Anthropology Cultural...

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