Anthropology Study Guide

Anthropology Study Guide - o Observation research...

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Anthropology Study Guide Anthropological Perspective o Holistic, descriptive, ethnography, symbolize, emit/etic, historical Evolution o Hereditary change in population over generations Theory of Natural Selection 1. All species are capable of producing offspring faster than food supply 2. There is biological variation 3. Because of limited resources, more offspring are produced than can survive 4. Individuals with favorable traits have advantage over others. Better advantage means more likely to survive 5. The environment decides which traits are favorable 6. Because those with favorable traits have more offspring, favorable traits will become more common in the population 7. Over a long time, that favorable trait will take over the population and become distinct from ansectors 8. Geographical isolation new species because they will adapt to environment Scientific Method
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Unformatted text preview: o Observation, research, hypothesis, test, conclusion, publish • Comte De Buffon o Species can change. They migrate and adapt to new environment • Jean-Captise Lamarck o Tried to explain how species change, said as the environment changes, so do the species activity and eventually as they use something less it disappears. Use-disuse theory • George Cuvier o Concept of extintion. Proposed catastrophism • Thomas Malthus o Population size increased exponentially • Charles Lyell o Modern geology. “Deep Time” said the Earth is really old. Proposed uniformitarianism • Circumstantial Evidence 1. Fossil Records 2. Evidence of non-use organisms aka: rudimentary organisms aka appendix 3. Similar anatomies 4. Same primative types – can’t distinguish at early stages 5. Animal/plant breeding 6. Variation, different types...
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Anthropology Study Guide - o Observation research...

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