archaeologyfinalpaper

archaeologyfinalpaper - Mary Minno American Antiquity...

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Mary Minno American Antiquity Volume 73 Number 1 January 2008 Cultural Transmission of Great Basin Projectile-Point Technology History and Process in Village Formation: Context and Contrasts from the Northern Southwest Evolution of a Late Prehistoric Winter Village I wrote about the “History and Process in Village Formation: Context and Contrasts from the Northern Southwest” (Cameron 2008: 29-58). Chaco, a region in the American Southwest, saw considerable changes between the 9 th and 12 th centuries. The entire region saw depopulation and aggravation to large towns in different places at different times. The authors of the article hope to use Thomas Pauketat’s approach of historical archaeology to discuss the factors that influences these migrations. The main factor seems to be a drought that hit an overpopulated region. The extremely hierarchal society at the time imploded from the center. This region is the Chaco Canyon,
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after its demise. The article “History and Process in Village Formation: Context and Contrasts from the Northern Southwest” aims to figure out the historical factors that caused two events to occur: depopulation and aggravation to a large village in the Chaco Canyon over the course of a few hundred years. The authors use Thomas Pauketat’s approach of “practice and tradition” (Cameron 2008: 29-58). Pauketat believes that human daily interactions alter the course of history and therefore are important on an archaeological level; the key to understanding depopulation and aggravation is individual actions that are both perpetuated and alter history. Individual actions are seen through an understanding the political system of the region, interaction networks and the beliefs of the people. The Chaco Canyon connections fortunately stretch far beyond its borders and therefore, much evidence exists across the surrounding areas to provide an understanding of life in the Chaco Canyon societies. Grasping individual “practices” is the key to
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archaeologyfinalpaper - Mary Minno American Antiquity...

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