MARCH 2014 current events of national and international.pdf - NTPC to set up Kajra Thermal Project in Bihar March 1 2014 NTPC will set up a 1,320 MW

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Unformatted text preview: NTPC to set up Kajra Thermal Project in Bihar March 1, 2014 NTPC will set up a 1,320 MW thermal power project at Kajra in Lakhisarai district of Bihar. A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between NTPC, Bihar State Power Generation Company Limited (BSPGCL) and Lakhisarai Bijlee Company Private Limited (LBCPL) at Patna in Bihar. Estimated cost of the project: Approx Rs. 9200 crore. The plant would have two units of 660 MW each. Note: In the joint venture, NTPC would have 74% stake and the rest would be with BSPGCL. Indian-origin men win Heinz Awards in US March 1, 2014 Indian-origin men, Professor Abraham Verghese and Mr. Sanjeev Arora are among the five recipients who won the 19th Heinz awards 2013 and will be honored in Pittsburgh on April 3, 2014. Each winner will receive a cash award of $250,000 each as well as a medallion inscribed with an image of late US senator John Heinz. 19th Heinz Awards – 2013: Category and its’ recipients Arts and humanities – Professor Abraham Verghese, a doctor and author based at Stanford University Medical School, USA was given the award in recognition of his best-selling authorship. In his first book, ‘My Own Country’, he wrote extensively about AIDS in rural areas of Tennesse. He belongs to Kerala. Public policy – Dr. Sanjeev Arora, professor of medicine at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, was recognized for revolutionizing community healthcare using video conferencing technology. He belongs to Kota, Rajasthan. Environment – Professor Jonathan Foley, director of the Institute on the Environment at the University of Minnesota where he has conducted research on the global environment and how to improve the efficiency of food production. Human condition – Mr. Salman Khan, founder of online KhanAcademy in Mountain View, Calif., an educational nonprofit that offers free tutorials and exercises to students around the world. Technology, the economy and employment – Leila Janah (an entrepreneur based in San Francisco, USA) was honored for founding the nonprofits Samasource and SamaUSA that uses an Internet to train and employ people in impoverished communities around the world. About Heinz Awards Established in 1993 by Ms. Teresa Heinz, the chairwoman of the Heinz Family Foundation in honor of her late husband, Senator H. John Heinz III, the Pennsylvania Republican. Headquarters:Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (separate from theinternational food company). Annually awarded by the Heinz Family Foundation. The Heinz Awards celebrates the accomplishments and spirit of the Senator by recognizing the extraordinary achievements of individuals in the areas of greatest importance to Senator John Heinz, who died in a midair aircraft collision in 1991. Awards recognize outstanding individuals for their contributions in five areas: Arts and Humanities, Environment, Human Condition, Public Policy, and Technology, the Economy and Employment. Dr. Madan Babu won the Protein Science Young Investigator Award for 2014 March 1, 2014 An Indian-born scientist, Dr. M Madan Babu won the Protein Science Young Investigator Award for 2014 at Cambridge, UK. He got the award for his effort in the field of biological system and to understand intrinsically disordered proteins and gene regulation clearly. MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, CambridgeUK He became the first scientist from MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology to won this award. At present, Dr. Babu heads the group on Regulatory Genomics and Systems Biology at the MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, UK. About Protein Science Young Investigator Award Recognizes an important contribution to the study of proteins by a scientist still in the early stages of an independent career. Given by the Protein Society. The Society represents a global community of researchers dedicated to the understanding of proteins. German Chancellor Ms. Angela Merkel awarded Israel’s highest civilian honor March 1, 2014 The German Chancellor Ms. Angela Merkel awarded the Presidential Medal of Distinction (Israel’s highest civilian honor) by the President of Israel, Mr. Shimon Peres. She was awarded with this medal for her firm commitment to the security of Israel along with her fight against anti-Semitism and racism in particular through education. About Presidential Medal of Distinction (Israel’s highest civilian honor) The medal features the North Star (to symbolize the (“right path”) and a seven-branched menorah or Jewish candelabrum – the symbol of Israel – inscribed with the phrase “From his shoulders and upward,” from the Book of Samuel 9:2. Open to Israeli citizens and non-citizens. Awarded every year by the President to a person for his/her extraordinary contribution to the country. Past recipients of the medal: U.S. President Barack Obama, former U.S. president Bill Clinton, Israel Philharmonic Orchestra director Zubin Mehta, human rights activist Elie Wiesel, etc. Note: Anti-Semitism is a hostile belief or behavior towards Jews as a religious or racial group and the term was coined in 1879 by the German agitator, Wilhelm Marr to designate the anti-Jewish campaigns underway in centralEurope at that time. The person who holds the position of ant-Semitism is known as anti-Semite. National Lok Adalat to be held in Nagpur on April 12, 2014 March 1, 2014 Due to large number of pending cases, the District Legal Services Authority is organizing a National Lok Adalat at Nagpur on April 12, 2014. The National Lok Adalat will be conducted at all levels right from theSupreme Court, High Courts, it benches upto the Taluka Courts. The mechanism of Lok Adalats available for disposal and resolution of disputes will be used to clear pending cases at the earliest by sorting out suitable ones. In the National Lok Adalat, cases viz. criminal compoundable cases, negotiable instrument act Cases U/S 138, motor accident claim petitions, accident information report (AIR), state transport cases and matrimonial and family courts cases will be taken into account President’s rule imposed in Andhra Pradesh March 2, 2014 President Mr. Pranab Mukherjee approved the Telengana Bill and on the recommendation of the Union Cabinet imposed President’s Rule in Andhra Pradesh. Why President’s rule imposed in Andhra Pradesh? Due to the resignation of Mr. N. Kiran Kumar Reddy from the CM post of Andhra (to protest against the passage of Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Bill to create a separate State of Telangana), thePresident’s rule imposed in Andhra Pradesh, as the State was without a Chief Minister and no party came forward to form the government. President Mr. Pranab Mukherjee gave his nod to place under suspended animation the Andhra Pradesh assembly whose term is slated to end on June 2, 2014. After President’s assent to the Telangana bill, appointed day yet to be published in the Gazettee of India. About President’s Rule (Article 356 of the Constitution of India) Purpose: To deal with the failure of the Constitutional machinery of an Indian state. In practice, President’s rule has been imposed under different circumstances viz.State Legislature is unable to elect a leader as Chief Minister, Breakdown of a coalition, Elections postponed for unavoidable reasons, etc. The President on the advice of the governor or on his own attains the right to dissolve the state government and its council of ministers, thereby impose president rule. The parliament must approve the president rule to come into effect. After the implementation of president rule, the governor heads the state and takes all the power. When President’s rule is imposed, the assembly is either dissolved or kept in suspended. Excerpts of the Telangana Bill: Telangana will have 10 districts and the rest of Andhra Pradesh 13 districts. Hyderabad will remain the joint capital of Telangana and residuary Andhra Pradesh for ten years. The Bhadrachalam division will continue to be with Khammam district which will be part of Telangana. NTPC will construct a 4,000 MW power project in Telangana to solve the electricity problem in the region. A petroleum university will be constructed in Seemandhra region while seats for Semmandhra students in educational institutes in Telangana will be reserved for ten years. Article 371 D will continue for the both states to ensure equitable opportunities for education and public employment. Telangana comprises 10 districts: - Hyderabad, Adilabad, Khammam, Karimnagar, Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Rangareddy and Warangal. Note: Till now, India consists of 28 states and 7 union territories. Soon, Telangana will become the 29th state of India, as it got approval from President of India. Zero AIDS Discrimination Day launched on March 1 March 1, 2014 For the first time, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS(UNAIDS) launched its Zero Discrimination Day on March 1 in Beijing, China, to support those who are infected by HIV/AIDS. About Zero Discrimination Day 2014 Motto: To call the people everywhere to promote equal rights for AIDS victims and celebrate everyone’s right to live a full life with dignity no matter what they look like, where they come from or whom they love. Transformative Symbol: Butterfly. Vision: Zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths. An initiative of UNAIDS advocate and Nobel laureate Ms. Daw Aung Suu Kyi. Offers an unprecedented opportunity for raising awareness; for speaking up to support people who have been discriminated against; for promoting diversity; and for becoming champions of tolerance, compassion and peace. Discrimination against HIV/AIDS victims is a serious barrier preventing the provision of equal services. Note: Discrimination is not only a violation of human rights, it is illegal, immoral, hurtful and dehumanizing. Discrimination can happen anywhere: at work, at school, at home, at the health facility and in the community. Discrimination doesn’t just hurt individuals or groups of people, it hurts everyone. Chennai’s Ennore Port officially renamed as Kamarajar Port March 1, 2014 The Ennore Port Limited of Chennai officially renamed as Kamarajar Port Ltd. after the veteran Congress leader and former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Mr.Kumarasami Kamarajar. Mr. Kamarajar was known for his pioneering efforts including introducing the free noon-meal scheme for children in schools besides heralding the state’s industrialization. About Kamarajar Port Location: Ennore, Chennai. Owned by: Kamarajar Port Limited. Opened: 2001. The 12th major port of India and the first port in India which is a public company. The Centre holds a stake of about 68% and the remaining 32 % is held by the Chennai Port Trust. Category-I Mini Ratna status. Have six cargo handling berths with a total capacity of 30 million tonne per annum. Has the potential to become the first in terms of cargo handling. Note: Mr. Kamarajar was the chief minister of Tamil Nadu during 1954–1963 and a Member of Parliament during 1952–1954 and 1969–1975. He was known for his simplicity and integrity. Freedom fighter “Maulana Hasrat Mohani’s postage stamp released by Vice President of India March 1, 2014 The Vice President of India, Mr. M. Hamid Ansari released the commemorative postage stamp of Freedom fighter “Maulana Hasrat Mohani” in New Delhi. About Freedom fighter Maulana Hasrat Mohani Born: January 1,1875 in Mohan , United Province, British India. Died: May 13,1951 in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh. Pen name: Hasrat Mohani. Eminent poet who used to Ghazal poetry – a purely genre of love poetry – for political subjects and gave it a new turn. Was a great freedom fighter and never accepted British rule over India. Great admirer of Lokmanya Tilak and always used to refer him as Tilak Maharaj, even in his poetry. In 1908, he was sentenced to two years rigorous imprisonment by British government for publishing an article in Urdu-e-Mu-allaagainst British policies in Egypt. He was released in 1910 and re-started Urdu-e-Mu-alla. Second person in Indian History who demanded ‘Complete Independence’ (Azadi-e-Kaamil) in 1921 as he presided over an annual session of All India Muslim League. (First person wasSwatantryaveer Savarkar, who demanded ‘Complete Independence’ in 1900). In 1919, Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar and his brother Maulana Shaukat Ali along with some other Muslim leaders viz. Dr. Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari, Raees-ul-Muhajireen Barrister Jan Muhammad Junejo, Maulana Hasrat Mohani, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad and Dr. Hakim Ajmal Khan formed anAll India Khilafat Committee at Lucknow FNCCI & CII agree to organize Nepal-India Economic Summit every year March 3, 2014 The Federation of Nepalese Chamber of Commerce and industry (FNCCI) and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) have agreed to organize Nepal-India Economic Summit every year alternatively in the two countries. This was decided at a meeting of President of FNCCI, Mr. Suraj Vaidya and the incoming President of CII, Mr. Ajaya S. Shriram in Kathmandu. The Summit would be an effective platform to discuss the promotion of bilateral economic and trade relations between the two countries. The two business organizations have also agreed to play a strategic role for developing hydropower projects that have been long pending in Nepal. The private sector has also principally agreed to make a joint study to find out various areas for improvement for new trade treaty between the two countries. MTDC and Mehair launched seaplane service March 3, 2014 The Maritime Energy Heli Air Services (MEHAIR) jointly with MaharashtraTourism Development Corporation (MTDC) launched the India’s first seaplane service from mainland at Mumbai, through which tourists will be taken by two Amphibian aircraft to tourist spots like water bodies where there are no runways. The first service will take off on March 10, 2014 from Mumbai to AambyValleyCity. About India’s first seaplane service First of its kind in mainland India that will link Mumbai’s Juhu airport with tourist destinations of the state. Will be launched with a Cessna 206 Amphibian aircraft. Another Cessna 208 will be inducted into service by April, 2014. Both these models can accommodate 4 to 9 passengers. First phase: MEHAIR will roll out its service to destinations viz. AmbayValley lake, Gangapur Dam (Nashik), Mula Dam (Meherabad/Shirdi), Pawna Dam (Lonavla), Varasgaon Dam (Lavasa) and Dhoom Dam (Panchgani /Mahabaleshwar). Second phase: MEHAIR will connect Mumbai with Konkan coast viz. Ganpatipule, Harihareshwar, Tarkarli and Murud Janjira. MEHAIR has plans to roll out 25 seaplanes over the next five years operating in most of the major states of the country. What are Sea-planes? Sea-planes are small aircrafts that can touch down on land as well as on water, and do not require capital-intensive infrastructure for operations. Thus, they are considered ideal for high-end travel to destinations that are far by road and are not equipped with airports. They require either a 1-km long airstrip or a water body, which is one km long and at least 10 feet deep. Note: In 2011, Mehair pioneered the launch of seaplane in India, the service has been operational in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Global Ayurveda Festival Kerala 2014 March 3, 2014 The second edition of Global Ayurveda Festival Kerala 2014 (GAF) held at Queen of Arabian Sea, Kochi in Kerala. About Global Ayurveda Festival Kerala 2014 Five days International Expo with more than 350 stalls. Chief Guest:Mauritius President Mr. Rajkeswar Puryaag. Theme: Ayurveda in Public Health and Communicable Diseases. Focus: On the strengths of Ayurveda in public health in the context of growing burden of new age communicable diseases. Other sub themes: Mental Health and Ayurveda, Clinical Research in Ayurveda, Cosmetology in Ayurveda, Nutrition and a variety of other related topics. The bi-annual Ayurveda fest organized by the Centre for Innovation in Science & Social Action (CISSA), jointly with the State of Government and the Ayurveda Fraternity of Kerala. First ever Ayurveda Paramedics Conference. Note: CISSA is a non-profit, non-governmental organization of scientists and citizens combining rigorous scientific analysis, innovative policy development and effective citizen advocacy to build a cleaner, safer and healthier world. “Braigo”- a low-cost Braille printer invented by Indian-origin boy Shubham Banerjee March 3, 2014 The Indian-origin, Master Shubham Banerjee (12) invented Braigo, a low-cost Braille printer by using toy construction Lego pieces in USA. About Braigo, a low-cost Braille printer A mash-up of Braille and LEGO. Cost: $350. Designed from the Lego Mindstorms EV3 set. Modified a robot model to make a functional printer at a fraction of the cost of other machines in the market. (Basic model Braille printers retail for about $2,000 online). Programmed to produce the letters :A to Z” in Braille. It takes about seven seconds to print each letter. Users can type in letters, and the Braigo’s needle will hammer out the translated message in raised dots on paper. Future Plan: To programme Braigo to print the numbers one to 10. What is Braille printer? Braille printers, also known as embossers, are used to make copies of electronic documents on paper in a format that is readable by blind people. Working: Receives data from computer devices and embosses that information in Braille onto paper through the use of solenoids that control embossing pins. Typically print on heavyweight paper and use up more pages for the same amount of information than pages printed on a regular printer. Slower and noisier. Inter-point printers are Braille printers that emboss Braille on both sides of a page. Note: LEGO Mindstorms EV3 is a remarkably powerful and functional robotics kit people of any age can use to build some impressive and complicated projects Eminent painter Mr. Prokash Karmakar passed away March 3, 2014 The veteran Indian painter Mr. Prokash Karmakar (81) passed away in Kolkata due to age related illness. The painter was best known for his landscapes and nudes. About Mr. Prokash Karmakar Born: 1933 in Kolkata. Inspired by the works of Picasso and other masters of the 19th century Impressionism. Works: Permanent collections of the National Gallery of Modern Art, Lalit Kala Akademi in Delhi and Lucknow Academy of Fine Arts in Kolkata. Awards: Lalit Kala Akademi National Award, RabindraBharatiUniversity Award, BirlaAcademy of Art and Culture, Calcutta, etc. His Official Website: His paintings reflect his perception and interpretation of nature (both orderly and chaotic), life (both rural and urban), and form (from soft to sharp), without reference to religion. India and Israel inked pacts on bilateral security relations March 3, 2014 The Union Ministry of Home Affairs (Government ofIndia) and Israel signed three pacts to strengthen the efforts in the war against terror and beef up bilateral security relations. The pacts are Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty in Criminal Matters, Agreement on Protection of Classified Material andAgreement on Cooperation in Homeland and Public Security. The agreements are based on the shared determination to protect their citizens, their assets and their interests. The pacts were signed by Additional Secretary in the Home Ministry Rajiv Sharma and Ambassador of Israel in India Alon Ushpiz and one agreement by Director in the Ministry of Defense Amir Kain. Dr. Janumaddi Hanumath Shastry: Veteran Telugu litterateur passed away March 3, 2014 The well-known Telugu litterateur, Dr. Janumaddi Hanumath Sastry (90) passed away in Kapada town of Andhra Pradeshdue to old age-related illness. About Dr. Janumaddi Hanumath Sastry Born: Rayadurg in Anantapur district on September 5, 1926. Awards: Kavitraya Jayanthi Puraskaram, the Gadicherla award, Sarvadhari Ugadi Puraskaram, etc. Authored books: Maa Seema Kavulu, Mana Devathalu, Rasavadghattalu, Bellary Raghava, Mokshagundam Visweswarayya, C.P. Brown Charitra, Dr. Ambedkar, Ganapati, etc. For his ...
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