Lecture 25, NeoConfucianization of Korea,rev12.10

Lecture 25, NeoConfucianization of Korea,rev12.10 -...

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NeoConfucianization Late Koryo - Early Choson
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End of the 14 th century, Capital Aristocrats (C.A.) abandoned the Koryo. Reasons: (1) diminished stature of ruling family as a result of military rule of Ch’oe’s and Mongol period. (2) use of foreigners, slaves, eunuchs in position of power in central govt (3) lack of kings’ interest in governing from 1360s on. These factors convinced C.A. to consider turning against the Wang kings.
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Perhaps, more basic reason For CA turning against the king – the nature of the Koryo polity itself. By end of 13 th century, CA had developed a sense of themselves as constituting a separate social entity – called themselves sadaebu . CA saw themselves as a service class that now stood apart from country cousins – hyangni, the local elites. CA did not want to share power with hyangni.
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Reformed-minded CA Concluded that their power and prestige depended upon having a strong and effective central govt. 21 to 39 lineages directed the reforms Awareness grew out of a number of factors.
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First the Inabilities Factors Inability of Koryo state to protect the country against foreign intrusion. Inability to provide basic salaries to yangban bureaucrats.
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Late 14 th century strong influence of Zhu Xi-ism – w/ its emphasis on the moral leadership of the
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2012 for the course HIST 284 taught by Professor C.r.lilley during the Fall '11 term at Maryland.

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Lecture 25, NeoConfucianization of Korea,rev12.10 -...

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