Lecture 2, Neolithic East Asia China

Lecture 2, Neolithic East Asia China - Before Time Began...

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Before Time Began
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Peopling the Earth, 80,000-15,000 BP East Asia, 45,000 to 10,000 BCE, home to numerous groups of Paleolithic hunters, gatherers, and fishermen. Growth of Agriculture, first in China Domestication of Animals Secondary Products Revolution Earliest Neolithic Agricultural Villages in East Asia, ca. 5500-3500/3000 B.C.E.
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Northern Zone
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Meet Your Relatives Really, they are our relatives!
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See “Journey of Man” by Dr. Spencer Wells
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Neolithic China 6000-1500 BCE
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Neolithic China
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Cultural Clusters
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Five major cultural clusters
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loess highland of Gansu & Shaanxi – called Guanzhong, w/n the passes First Guanzhong
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Lower Yangzi River (Majiabang, Liangzhu & Hemudu) Second
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Third Middle Yangzi, Daxi
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Fourth Shandong area, Dawenkou Liao River valley
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South China, Dalongtan, Dapenkeng Fifth
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Interaction among cultural clusters
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Regional cultures enriched each other. Out of interactions among clusters evolved a Chinese culture Along East-West axis, clusters maintained distinctive characteristics; also began showing remarkable homogeneity. A very large gene pool.
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Sichuan, a “Chinese” Cultural zone? Sanxingdui figure, perplexes scholars; debate meaning of drawings.
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Sanxingdui, Sichuan
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Mask, 25 inches high, 54 inches across; eyes protrude 6 inches. Holes in fore- head and on sides suggest a mask. Note the healthy nose and broad smile.
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North: Millet-Wheat-Gaoliang Hua Xia, millet farmers; domesticated Secondary products revolution.
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South of Jinling Mts: Wet Rice Miao Man , rice growers; domesticated water buffalo & cattle.
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Neolithic & Bronze Age China
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Lecture 2, Neolithic East Asia China - Before Time Began...

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