Lecture 3, Shang,Western Zhou

Lecture 3, Shang,Western Zhou - Shang & Western...

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Unformatted text preview: Shang & Western Zhou Late Bronze Age Transition to Historical Era 1750 (1500)-1040 B.C.E. From Settlements to Cities 1050-770 BCE Neolithic & Bronze Age China Characteristics of Shang Writing system Bronze technology Domestication of horse/horse drawn chariots Class stratification Stable political-religious hierarchy; administered large territory from cult center (Anyang) Ancestor worship Shang Script Make prototype out of clay Fire prototype Use soft clay to make a mold around it. Leave a hole to pour molten bronze. Allow bronze to cool; remove from the mold. Kings as shamans? Note man w/ head in jaws of beast bear or tiger? Beast seems prepared to swallow man (king) who seems unconcerned. Man/king seems to be holding on to beast as though it was his mother. Is man/king communicating w/ the spirit world thru body of beast? If true, then Shang kings were themselves shamans. However, others argue that this bronze, fd in Hunan, sheds light on belief in an un- related kingdom farther south, not the Shang kingdom. Shang Bronze, Taotie Masks Taotie Mask Ebrey text, page 14. Bronze from Lady Haos tomb. Only royal tomb at Anyang left undisturbed by grave robbers. Over 300 bronzes discovered in Haos tomb.Haos tomb....
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Lecture 3, Shang,Western Zhou - Shang & Western...

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