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Lecture 4a, Zhou, Qin, Han,rev10

Lecture 4a, Zhou, Qin, Han,rev10 - Zhou Qin Han Wars&...

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Unformatted text preview: Zhou, Qin, Han Wars & Unification Two Tendencies • Feng-jian, “feudalism” • “China” as a composite of autonomous regional powers • Tianxia, “all under heaven” • “China” as a unified polity, core dominates the periphery Five major features • distinct regional cultures persisted over time • centrality of the person of the emperor . • cultivation of literacy based on a non-alphabetic script and a state-sponsored literary canon that sanctioned the state’s existence. • demilitarization of the interior , with military activity assigned to marginal peoples along the northern frontier. • flourishing of local wealthy families ; served the central state; linked the villages to the center of power. Diverse Populations • the diversity of peoples of Chinese empire. • While all China’s inhabitants have retroactively become “Chinese” today, this term is anachronistic (reads present into the past) for the pre-imperial period. • People of that time would be known as Qin, Qi, Chu, etc. • Qin’s conquests united these groups politically in the 3rd century BCE. • But, distinct regional cultures and “temperaments” survived. Diverse Populations • For the proponents of tianxia , these regional variations were essential to an empire that justified itself by making hierarchical distinctions – between the universal, superior culture of the imperial center and the limited, particular cultures of regions and localities. Spring & Autumn (Qun-Qui) 771-481 BCE •...
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Lecture 4a, Zhou, Qin, Han,rev10 - Zhou Qin Han Wars&...

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