Lecture 5a, China’s Classical Tradition (1)

Lecture 5a, China’s Classical Tradition (1)...

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Unformatted text preview: Chinas Classical Tradition A Minimalist Approach Confucius, Kongzi 551-479 B.C.E. Nei sheng wai wang Inner sagehood, outer kingship XIAO, REN, & LI are both ideas & modes of behavior/practices. As modes of behavior, they tell you what a person is like, both within & without. Within these modes of behavior are expectations of how one should behave, what ones personality is like. Xiao, filial devotion Ren is a complex blend of duty, affection, reciprocity, & longing. REN is both a concept and a practice. XIAO & REN, both expressions of relatedness to family and community. Li, ritual devotion, etiquette Confucius changed the meaning of LI from its original meaning - propitiating the dead to reverence, respect, courtesy, discipline & good form. Together, XIAO, REN, & LI are ways to cultivate particular moral attitudes in individuals . Self-cultivation ( yangxin ) results in a junzi . jun zi xin Self-cultivation; nurture the mind. Gentleman Mozi 480-390 B.C.E. Mohists & Confucian Compared Xian, noble or worthy man seeks first the general good . Responsible for constructing the ideal society. Mozis Xians emphasis was on doing good; Confucius, on being good. Mohists, outer-oriented Confucians, inner oriented inner transformation was crucial to achieving social goals. Mozis outward orientation required universal love or universal fairness or sense of equity. Abiding moral disposition. Ai must be starting point of creating a peaceful, stable society....
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Lecture 5a, China’s Classical Tradition (1)...

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