Lecture 6a, Qin to Han, unification

Lecture 6a, Qin to Han, unification - Unification: From Qin...

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Unification: From Qin to Han 206-BCE-141BCE
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Ming era portrait of Shihuangdi
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Qin State Designed for war Architects of Qin State Han Feizi Shang Yang – designed policies that regimented society for war; primary architect of bureaucratic system King Zheng (Shihuangdi) extended system into conquered territories.
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Warring States
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Some Important Characteristics Three tier system Law of avoidance Standardized script – Small Seal replaced Large Seal Mobilization of population for large scale Shihuangdi’ Tomb – most massive project of all.
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“Great Wall” 4 th century BCE
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First Emperor’s Tomb
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Qin Shihuangdi’s terra cotta army, 7,300 figures covering 5 acres
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Qin Shihuangdi’s terra cotta army
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Death of Shihuangdi 210 BCE, died while searching for elixir of immortality. Eunuch power – Zhao Gao , d. 207 B.C.E. Tensions in bureaucratic system: between emperor & court officials and between court Zhao responsible for deaths of Zheng’s two sons & execution of Chancellor Li Si in 208 B.C.E. Zhao executed by third son, then 46 days later surrendered to rebel forces. Qin state fell 15 yrs after established
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Important Aside Administrative uniformity of Qin empire masked fact that Qin remained one state ruling others – its conquests. Remember the diversity concept Qin’s rapid fall to rebellious Chu in 206 BCE precipitated a debate about whether a unified empire transcending regional states was possible.
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Lecture 6a, Qin to Han, unification - Unification: From Qin...

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