Lecture 7a, Han Empire & Its Enemies, orig (1)

Lecture 7a, Han Empire & Its Enemies, orig (1) -...

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Han Empire & Its Enemies
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Vocab 1 General Meng Tian Xiongnu Ordos region Maodun (Modun) Liu Bang Heqin Policy Huangdi (Chinese emperorship, universal kingship) v. shanyu/chanyu (chief of supertribal confederation) Wudi’s Forward Policy Zhang Qian Yuezhi , Indo-European people Pamir Mts Wudi Attacks, 133-119 BCE Battle of Mayi 129 BCE Gansu corridor
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Vocab 2 Second Phase, Annihilation, 119-112 BCE Qiang people, Tibetans Zhang Qian & The Western Regions Military campaigns of Han Armies, 104 and 87 BCE. Emperor Zhaodi , r. 87-74 BCE “Debate on Salt and Iron” 81BCE return to heqin Wang Mang, 9-23 C.E. Ban Chao, 73 C.E.
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Vocab Second Phase, Annihilation, 119-112 BCE Qiang people, Tibetans Map shows military campaigns of Han Armies between 104 and 87 BCE.
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Gaozu’s Empire Empire that Gaodi/Gaozu founded lay open to two threats Inner threat of near kinsmen Secondly, non-Han groups on the northern frontier and in the Western Regions.
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215 BCE, General Meng Tian – King Zheng’s rottweiler Invaded Xiongnu territories Engaged in wall-building
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Sima Qian, Shiji , Chapter 88,trans. by Arthur Waldron “After Qin had unified the world [in 221 BCE], Meng Tian was sent to command a host of three hundred thousand to drive out the Rong and Di along the north. He took from them the territory to the south of the [Yellow] river, and built a Great Wall , constructing its defiles and passes in accordance with the configurations of the terrain. It started at Lintao, and extended to Liaodong, reaching a distance of more than ten thousand LI. After crossing the [Yellow] river, it wound northward touching Mount Yang.”
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Sima Qian, Shiji , Chapter 100 “[The emperor] dispatched [his general] Meng Tian to lead a force of hundred thousand men north to attack the barbarians. He seized control of all the lands south of the Yellow River and established defenses along the river, constructing forty-four walled district cities overlooking the river and manning them with convict laborers transported to the border for garrison duty [. . .] Thus he utilized the natural mountain barriers to establish the border defenses, scooping out the valleys and
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Lecture 7a, Han Empire & Its Enemies, orig (1) -...

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