Lecture 12, Buddhism’s Passage2

Lecture 12, Buddhism’s Passage2 - Buddhisms...

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Unformatted text preview: Buddhisms Passage to East Asia Origin of Buddhism South Asia Indo-Gangetic Plain Siddhartha Gautama repealing karmatic law Types of Buddhism Theravada Arhat worthy one Mahayana- Bodhisattva awakened one Tantric/Vajrayana Diamond Vehicle; ritual practices Siddha, enlightened or perfected one Mahayana Buddhism, main variety of Buddhism to reach China and East Asia. Aim of Mahayana Buddhism is the redemption of all living beings from the cycle of rebirth and redeath. Passage of Buddhism to China From Gangetic Plain to Punjab, Afghanistan to oases of Western Regions or Tarim Basin Maitreya Buddha,Gandhara Greek influence Passage of Buddhism to China Gateway to China through Dunhuang to Yungang to Longmen and beyond into Korean peninsula & Japanese islands. First written record of Buddhism in China, ca. 65 CE. Entered Korea about 150 years later. Entered Japan in sixth century C.E. via Korea; 7 th century missions to China e.g. Ennin. Passage of Buddhism to China Through the Western Regions, center of Mahayana Buddhism until 8 th century. Faxian (active 350-414) Chinese monks to India; the sea route of Buddhism to China India as center of universe Huiyuan, 334-417 Pure Land Buddhism, devotional form Educated in Confucian & Daoist texts Heard Chinese monks sermon; converted Moved south to Jiangxi Lively correspondence with Kumarajiva Pure Land, the Western Paradise of the Buddha Amitabha Buddha Amitabha Northern Wei & Buddhism Fifth Century C.E. Appeal Cakravartin monarch universal ideal of wheel turning king; equivalent of Confucian monarchs mandate of heaven Expressions of piety of cakravartin monarch in caves of Longmen & Yungang. Appeal Addressed questions of suffering and death More optimistic view of the afterlife than indigenous Chinese view of harsh underworld jails for most dead....
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Lecture 12, Buddhism’s Passage2 - Buddhisms...

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