Lecture 13, Sui-Tang China3

Lecture 13, Sui-Tang China3 - Sui-Tang China 581-906...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–18. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sui-Tang China 581-906
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Founders
Background image of page 2
578-589 Yang Jian, Duke of Sui Landed aristocratic family of mixed origins Unification through military conquest Fded Sui, 589 Wall building Canal building
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
Guang = Sui Yangdi
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Yangdi, r. 604-618 Tanistry – Guang rise to power Built new capital at Luoyang Pushed construction of Grand Canal Aggressive frontier policy against Turks & Koreans - 607-614 period Ulchi Mundok defeats Sui army, 612 War policies led to internal revolts; and trouble on the Northern Frontier.
Background image of page 6
Kok Turkic Empire
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Founding of Tang Frontier general, Li Yuan (566-635), Duke of Tang. 614-618, eliminated the Sui & fded the Tang
Background image of page 8
Li family Familiar w/ settled, agricultural realm Tanistry problem – brother against brother Li Shimin killed or had killed his brothers Li Shimin “persuaded” his father to abdicate in his favor; Shimin then proclaimed himself Emperor Taizong.
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Tang Taizong
Background image of page 10
Reining in the Aristocrats Land Tenure
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Problem of expanding the power of central government – the need for tax resources; access to land revenue Equal field system – all land belonged to state (nomadic origins); periodic redistribution Not always possible to redistribute lands of local elites; so kept careful records of land value. System of periodic redistribution not suited to rice agriculture of Yangzi regions.
Background image of page 12
Reining in the Aristocrats Office
Background image of page 13

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Concomitant problem of controlling power of local elites and eliciting their support for the empire. Local elites supplied officials for central govt; problem of loyalty to regime.
Background image of page 14
Issue was how officials recruited? Han Empire used system of recommendation; continued under the Tang Study of Tang officials, 756-906, shows that 68.8% came from great aristocratic lineages.
Background image of page 15

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
System of recommending “worthy” men to office continued. Tang rulers sought greater control over appointment. Emphasized selection through examination. Founded schools; established series of national schools; established two national universities, Admission restricted almost entirely to sons of nobility and bureaucracy.
Background image of page 16
Most important: Tang elevated prestige of exams. Encouraged all members of elite to compete in exams. Participation became a matter of social prestige. Initially, five or six different kinds of exams
Background image of page 17

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 18
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 68

Lecture 13, Sui-Tang China3 - Sui-Tang China 581-906...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 18. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online