Lecture 14, Korean Statebuilding to 800

Lecture 14, Korean Statebuilding to 800 - Korean...

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Korean Statebuilding
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Conversations with the Dead Generation of the 1860s Immense historical discontinuity after 1876 World capitalist system “civilization and enlightenment” – munmyong kaehwa Dual nature “c & e”: critique of Korea’s past could lead to wealth, power, sovereignty or enslavement at hands of imperialists
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1905: descent into colonial status Need for new narrative and new identity free Recovering T’angun minjok
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min jok
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Two foundation myths Kija Tangun Korean nationalism
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Tangun, Legendary Founder of Korean Nation Hwanung Tan’gun Wanggom/ king of Sandalwood
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Where the Korean people originated according to Tangun story.
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Tangun Samguk yusa version of Tangun Prayed to Hwanung [king who descended from heaven] to become human Eat & remain out of sunlight for 100 days; will become human. In 21 days, She-bear became a woman Tigeress remained a tigeress because disobeyed
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Bear-woman could find no husband; prayed for a child. She conceived & bore a son called Tan’gun Wanggom, the King of Sandalwood.
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Younger Generation Challenged received wisdom about Tangun Studies based on archaeological work & textual studies.
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Neolithic settlements Appeared in Manchuria & Korean peninsula ca. 7000-8000 BP/6000-5000 BCE. 2000 BCE, Yangshao & Longshan pots found in sites, spread from China Between 10 th and 4 th centuries BCE, appearance lack of archaeological evidence ) Old Choson – horse-riding; used bronze weapons
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Era of tribal confederations of Imdun Wiman’s Choson, 194-180 BCE
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2 nd century B.C.E., key historical figure was Wiman (Chinese?) 194-180 BCE, Assumed kingship of Choson; expanded into N.W. Korea & S.W. Manchuria. Han Wudi destroyed Wiman Choson, 109- 108 BCE.
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Assert that at end of 2 nd century BCE that a kingdom of Wiman Choson existed. Power base, Wanggom (P’yongyang)
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2012 for the course HIST 284 taught by Professor C.r.lilley during the Fall '11 term at Maryland.

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Lecture 14, Korean Statebuilding to 800 - Korean...

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