Lecture 16a, Liao, Jin, and Song Empire

Lecture 16a, Liao, Jin, and Song Empire - Liao, Jin, &...

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906-1279
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Khitan
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Jurchens
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Tenth Century, Pivotal Moment 10th century marked the beginning of a new era in steppe-settled interactions. Focus will be on nomad innovation – the dual administrative system. In the 10th century, the N.E. frontier becomes more important than the other three
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Beginning the 10th century, the nomadic polities in N.E. pushed the boundaries of the contact zone South into the core Chinese region.
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The Khitans: Liao Empire 10 th Century C.E.
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Khitan
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Founder, Abaoji created a dual administration Southern Chancellery . Used Chinese bureaucratic model. Northern Chancellery , a confederation of nomadic Khitan tribesmen - a military state composed of the Khitans and allied tribal groups.
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The Khitan state ruled over a narrow band of Chinese and other sedentary peoples (Koreans) living along its southern borders. But also over dozens of other nomadic and semi-sedentary tribal peoples on its other three borders.
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The Khitan state ruled over a narrow band of Chinese and other sedentary peoples (Koreans) living along its southern borders. But also over dozens of other nomadic and semi-sedentary tribal peoples on its other three borders.
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Khitans were aggressive empire builders. Manchuria: In 926, Khitan conquered the Bohai (Chinese) or Parhae (Korean) state. Khitans subsequently established control of region south of the Yalu River – in the northern part of Korean peninsula.
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Parhae
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Koreans of recently established (918) Koryo dynasty resisted. Meanwhile, Khitan busy in N. China. Not until the 980s and 990s did Liao turn its attention to Korea and forced the Korean King to sue for peace. 995, Koryo king entered into tributary/ subordinate relationship with Liao Emperor – received a patent of investiture from Liao ruler.
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Unwisely, 1010-1020, Koryo attempted to retake northern region. 1018, Koryo victory led by General Kang Kam-ch’an. Led Khitan to prepare massive invasion Koryo agreed to negotiate settlement Koreans never regained the territories they claimed in the N.E.
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Kang Kam-ch’an, B. of Kwiju, 1018, defeated Khitans Victory heralded by modern nationalist historians; Kang evidence of martial spirit.
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Khitan Expansion into North China
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906-960, Khitan established strong presence in N. China. 960, Zhao Kuangyin fded new powerful Chinese
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Lecture 16a, Liao, Jin, and Song Empire - Liao, Jin, &...

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