lecture18_Nov2 (1)

lecture18_Nov2 (1) - Job Training Workforce Investment Act...

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Job Training
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Workforce Investment Act (WIA) § Started in 1998, combining several earlier programs  (Job Training and Partnership Act (JTPA) Job Corps) § WIA Centers provide three levels of service: 1. Core services § Assessing skills and abilities, Access to job vacancy listings, Job  search and placement assistance, Unemployment benefit  information 2. Intensive services (First must use one core service) § Individual career planning, resume preparation, internships, English  as a Second Language class, basic computer literacy class 3. Training services (First must use one intensive service) § Take a training program linked to job vacancies in the area § Must demonstrate inability to get other funding for the training
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Effectiveness of job training programs § WIA costs $10 Billion per year – is this well spent? § Evaluating effectiveness (Traditional JTPA program) § Cannot simply compare job outcomes of people who  participate to those who do not. Why? § Randomly assign individuals who apply to training to either  receive it or not.  Compare outcomes of those apply and  receive training to those apply and don’t receive it 
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Effectiveness of job training programs (cont) § Among adult men and women, large effects that  persists long past completion of the training program § For adult women: § Average 30-month net-benefit of $1,422 § Average government expenditures: $910 § Gains to participant exceed government spending by $512 § Program likely pays for itself in the long-run by removing  dependencies on transfer programs § For youths, the standard job-center training program  does not seem to be effective
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Job Corps § Residential training program § Targeted at youths age 16-24 § More intensive than WIA training centers § Is this program effective for youths? § Mathematica did a randomized study similar to the one  discussed for the JTPA § In the long-run, program appears effective § After 4 years, participants earned $936/yr more  § This is a 9% increase in wages  § Employment rate was also 2.5 percentage points higher  for participants
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Housing Policies
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Two major housing assistance programs Public Housing Section 8 Voucher Eligibility <80% of Area Median Income
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This note was uploaded on 02/03/2012 for the course ECON 375 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at Maryland.

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lecture18_Nov2 (1) - Job Training Workforce Investment Act...

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