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lecture23_Nov21 (1)

lecture23_Nov21 (1) - Gender Discrimination(continued...

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Gender Discrimination (continued)
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2 Gender Wage Gap and Discrimination:  Restaurant Audit Study § Attempts to explain the sizable gender wage gap  within occupation of waiter/waitress. § Vertical segregation – occurs across jobs within an  occupation § Anecdotal evidence that males are favored as waiters in  high-price formal restaurants.
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Does Discrimination Occur? Neumark, Bank, and Van Nort Study § Explore discrimination among restaurants § Drop off fake resumes at restaurants § Rotate names between male and female names § Keep the other content on the resume unchanged § If men receive more job offers then evidence of  discrimination § Men received more interviews, but not so many  more that it couldn’t be attributed to chance § However, the quality of offers varied by gender…
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Neumark, Bank, and Van Nort study (cont) # of pairs Neither Both M-only F-only High Priced Restaurants Offers 23 11 1 10 1 Interviews 23 6 3 11 3 Medium Priced Restaurants Offers 21 9 4 6 2 Interviews 21 6 7 6 2 Low Priced Restaurants Offers 21 13 2 0 6 Interviews 21 11 2 2 6 § Notice the differences in which restaurants men and  women received interviews (and job offers)
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5 Restaurant Audit Study: Earnings & Type of Discrimination § Will hiring differences result in earnings  differences? § Average wages in high-price restaurants are about  double average wages in low-price restaurants.
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