Research Paper #2 - Zach Holland Native American Music...

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Zach Holland Native American Music Paper #2 4/21/11 Contemporary Music of the Seminole The Seminole nation is not one of the larger tribes in America today. 12,431 people reported themselves as a Seminole with one tribal grouping in the 2000 U.S. census. Due to differences members of the tribe split into two groups, the Seminole Nation of Oklahoma and the Seminole Nation of Florida. This was due to differences in ideology. There are currently six Seminole reservations in all. During the 1800s President John Tyler attempted to eradicate the Seminoles out of the Florida everglades but after spending over $20 million and losing 1500 American soldiers without even signing a peace treaty the U.S. declared the war had ended. The U.S. could not force surrender and no peace treaty was ever signed. (Steele) In contemporary Seminole Nation casinos support the majority of the Seminole’s growing infrastructure. Even during a recession, gaming provided economic stability for the Seminole Tribe of Florida and is a reason why they are “one of the most successful native business people in the United States today.” With the casinos, hotels and other successful businesses, the Seminole Tribe of Florida employ more than 7,000 people and purchase more than $130.3 million in goods and services annually. (Steele) The Seminoles are a tribe well known for never surrendering to the white man and they are now more contemporarily known for being the mascot of Florida State University, the Hard Rock Café, and their successful music program called Seminole Star Search. Today, the Seminole Tribe could possibly be most known as the mascot of Florida State University. At every Seminole home game a student dressed up as the famed Chief Osceola rides to the center on a painted Appaloosa horse and plants Osceola’s flaming spear in the grass of the midfield. This has been a tradition for some time at Doak Campbell Stadium which holds more than 80,000 Florida State Fans. Although the NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) sees the use of Native American nicknames as schools mascots as “hostile and abusive” the organization removed Florida
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State from the list of universities banned from using a Native American mascot. This ban was lifted in the summer of 2005 and the NCAA said they would treat incidences like this one on a case-by-case basis. Other universities that have been under review include the University of Illinois Illini and the University of North Dakota Fighting Sioux. Florida State University has created a great relationship with Seminole Nation and even offers a history class centered on the tribe itself. Florida State even erected a statue called “Unconquered,” referring to the tribe never signing a peace treaty and the statue is of the famous Chief Osceola. (Powell) In 1979, the Seminoles started a Native American Revolution. They were the first tribe to open a casino on Indian land. There are now casinos operated by numerous tribes around the country and it is now a multibillion-dollar, recession proof industry (Powell). In December of 2006 the Seminole Tribe of Florida made a groundbreaking business
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course MUS 265 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '11 term at Washington State University .

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Research Paper #2 - Zach Holland Native American Music...

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