Sura 4 – Women
(from The Koran)
O men! Fear your Lord, who hath created you of one man…and of him created his wife,
and from these twain hath spread abroad so many men and women.
And fear ye God, in
whose name ye ask mutual favours, - and reverence the wombs
that bore you.
Verily is God
And if ye are apprehensive that ye shall not deal fairly with orphans, then of
women who seem good in your eyes, marry
two, or three, or four; and if ye
fear that ye
shall not act equitably, then one only; or the slaves whom ye have acquired: this will make
justice on your part easier.
Give women their dowry freely; but if of themselves they give up
aught thereof to you, then enjoy it as convenient, and profitable:
And entrust not to the incapable the substance which God hath placed with you for their
support; but maintain them therewith, and clothe them, and speak to them with kindly speech.
And make trial of orphans until they reach the age of marriage; and if y perceive in them
a sound judgment, then hand over their substance to them; but consume ye it not wastefully, or
entrusting it to them
Because they are growing up.
And let the rich
not even touch it; and let him
who is poor use it for his support (eat of it) with discretion.
And when ye make over their substance to them, then take witnesses in their presence:
God also maketh a sufficient account.
Men ought to have a part of what their parents and kindred leave; and women a part of
what their parents and kindred leave: whether it be little or much, let them have a stated portion.
And when they who are of kin are present at the division, and the orphans and the poor,
let them too have a share; and speak to them with kindly speech….
With regard to your children, God commandeth you to give the male the portion of two
females; and if they be females more than two, then they shall have two-thirds of that which
If any of your women be guilty of whoredom, then bring four witnesses against them
from among yourselves; and if they bear
to the fact,
shut them up within their houses till
death release them,*
or God make some way for them.
And if two men among you commit the same crime, then punish them both; but if they
turn and amend, then let them be; for God is He who turneth, Merciful!
O believers! It is not allowed you to be heirs of your wives against their will; nor to hinder
them from marrying, in order to take from them part of the dowry you had given them, unless