Marx_Feb21

Marx_Feb21 - 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological Theory Karl Marx Key Points: What are the positive and negative aspects of capitalism that will inevitably lead to its downfall according to Marx? Discuss how, according to Marx, the proletariat will be transformed from a class-in- itself to a class-for-itself. 2 Manifesto of the Communist Party, 1848 by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels Revolution in Paris, February 1848 All that is solid melts: 1848 Irish potato famine & European Depression. Revolutionaries deposed King Louis Philippe. Hungarians, Austrians, Czechs, Venetians, Germans revolted against monarchs. Mazzini inspired Italian protests against Austria in 1847; violent demonstrations 1848 in Milan, Palermo, Sardinia-Piedmont, and Genoa. The Papal States won a constitution. 1849-1850: Every Revolutionary movement was destroyed by the Austrian, Prussian, and French states. 3 The Karl Marx model The premises of social life include the way we make a living, how we keep ourselves alive as biological beings. We therefore must examine how the means of production (e.g., land, tools, labor, capital investment) are mobilized and organized to actually produce the means of human subsistence. To understand a society, we must know how its members stand in relation to the means of production. Class defined as ones position in relation to the means of production Broadly, you either own the means of production or you dont The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles. History of Class Conflict...
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Marx_Feb21 - 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological...

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