Marx_Feb16

Marx_Feb16 - 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological Theory Karl Marx Key Points: Discuss Marxs conception of the historical process. What is the relation between ideas and material conditions, according to Marx? 2 W.F. Hegel (1770-1831) German philosopher Developed theory of history based on a dialectic process History is driven by the clash of ideas Historical Idealism Dialectic Dialectic process repeats with a new antithesis emerging to challenge the thesis, reaching a new synthesis, which becomes the next thesis and so on How does this help us understand social life? Dialectic Thesis Antithesis Synthesis Becomes the new thesis, etc 3 HISTORICAL MATERIALISM Marx rejected Historical Idealism and proposed Historical Materialism instead Focus on Material Production of Life: The first premise of all human history is the existence of living individuals. Human life is inherently productive: we must eat, sleep, and rest before we can think Hence, analysis of the labor process and capitalism HISTORICAL MATERIALISM In contrast to German philosophy which descends from heaven to earth, here we ascend from earth to heaven. That is to say, we do not set out from what men say, imagine, conceive, nor from men as narrated, thought of, imagined, conceived, in order to arrive at men in the flesh. We set out from real, active men, and on the basis of their real life-process we demonstrate the development of the ideological reflexes and echoes of this life process Morality, religion, metaphysics, all the rest of ideology and their corresponding forms of consciousness, thus no longer retain the resemblance of independence. Historical Materialism: Materialist Conception of History The premises from which we begin are not arbitrary ones, not dogmas, but real premises from which abstraction can only be made in...
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2012 for the course 920 313 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

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Marx_Feb16 - 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological...

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