Hobbes_Jan 24

Hobbes_Jan 24 - 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological Theory Thomas Hobbes Key Points: What are the roots (intellectual, economic, sociopolitical, cultural, etc.) of sociology? Critically discuss Hobbes solution to the problem of social order. 2 The roots of sociology Enlightenment Renaissance Dark Ages Greeks and Romans 1400 1700 Age of Discovery (1415-1700) Timeline Portugal England Hobbes (1588-1679) Copernicus (1473-1543) Prussia, Italy For comparison Galileo (1564-1642) Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) Columbus (1451-1506) Spain Brief biography of Thomas Hobbes Born in London in 1588 Studied classics at Oxford Civil War forced him to flee England for Paris Published Leviathan in 1651 Died in England in 1679 3 LEVIATHAN Gustave Dors 1865 engraving Destruction of Leviathan. Hobbes Leviathan Human Nature Hobbes views human beings as complex machines, material objects, and, in the beginning of Leviathan , gives mechanistic descriptions of the operations of our minds emotions and reasoning. Met Galileo in 1636; was impressed by physics and the new role science was playing in intellectual life. Liberty is defined as freedom to do as one wishes, but ones wishes are determined by mechanistic laws governing matter in motion. Galileo 1564-1642 4 Plan of Leviathan Hobbes wants us to consider the relations that emerge among human beings in light of our common human nature, prior to there being any society or government imposing rules upon us. In doing this, he hopes to show: why we need government the character that government must have what our duties are to our government Goods, Power & Felicity What keeps humans in motion is their desire for certain goods and their continuous endeavor to obtain them. Humans often differ in what kinds of goods they desire. If we have desires, then that which allows us to reach those desires is what we call POWER. We cant fulfill our desires simply by wishing for them. And more power is always better than less power The success in fulfilling our desires Hobbes calls FELICITY. Felicity, once achieved is not permanent, but an ongoing process. We need to secure the means for future happiness and for fulfilling future desires....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 02/05/2012 for the course 920 313 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.

Page1 / 10

Hobbes_Jan 24 - 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online