Durkheim_Mar2

Durkheim_Mar2 - 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological Theory mile Durkheim Key Points: Critically discuss Durkheims typology of suicide rates, particularly as it relates to differential levels of social integration and regulation. 2 General characteristics of suicide rates Suicide is a fairly stable fact of societies. If one plots the suicide rate (that is, the number of suicides per 100,000 inhabitants) of any society over time, one finds a remarkable stability in the number of people committing suicide each year. In fact, the suicide number is more stable (i.e., it has fewer fluctuations over time) than the mortality rate. However, in all societies, as well as in the U.S., there is a slow linear increase in the suicide rate over time. This is true for the aggregate and for the trend in subgroups of societies (i.e., among women vs. men, blacks vs. whites, poor vs. rich, etc). (Top 20%) (Bottom 20%) Source: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00049117.htm#00002663.htm Suicide Rates by State, 1990-1994 WISQARS Injury Mortality Reports, 1999 - 2004 3 Suicide Stability 5 10 15 20 25 5 10 15 20 25 30 1990-1994 Rates 2000-2004 Rates Alaska Nevada Suicide Numbers 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 1835 1840 1845 1850 1855 1860 1865 1870 1875 Year Number of Suicides France Prussia England Saxony Bavaria Denmark Suicide Rates in the United States by Race and Gender, 1960 - 1990 5 10 15 20 25 1960 1970 1980 1990 White Male African Am. Male White Female African Am. Female 4 What accounts for this stability of suicide rates within any given society? According to Durkheim, whereas suicide is a individual act, the suicide rate is a social act, external to the individual. Suicide rates, then, are the product of the structure of a given society. Therefore, by identifying different types of suicide rates, one can identify key elements of social organization Remember that for Durkheim, social solidarity results from: the integration of individuals into social groups the regulation of individual actions by shared norms Not surprisingly, therefore, The two key dimensions for identifying types of suicide are: Integration : the extent of social relations...
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Durkheim_Mar2 - 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological...

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