Comte_Feb7

Comte_Feb7 - 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological Theory Auguste Comte Key Points: Beyond being the first to use the term sociology for his social theory, what makes Comte a father of sociology? 2 Brief biography of Auguste Comte Born in Montpellier, France, in 1798 Disciple of Saint-Simon Considered The Father of Sociology Died in Paris in 1857 Sociology is born Comte first called the new science he sought to establish social physics but, once he realized Quetelet had adopted the word for his own theory, he started using the term sociology. The subject of sociology Social Statics : the study of the conditions and pre-conditions of social order Social Dynamics : the study of human progress and evolution 3 The methodology of sociology Observation Experimentation Comparison Positivism Argues that the only authentic knowledge is knowledge obtained through actual sense experience. One can only be really positive about what obviously is. Against intuition, revelation, or other forms of metaphysical and theoretical speculation. For example, a strict positivist, seeing a black sheep could not say, There is a black sheep. He could only say, I see a sheep, one side of which is black. 4 Relationship between data and theory No social fact can have any scientific meaning till it is connected with some other social facts If it is true that every theory must be based upon observed facts, it is equally true that facts cannot be observed without the guidance of some theory No real observation of any phenomena is possible, except in so far as it is first directed, and finally interpreted, by some theory...
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Comte_Feb7 - 1 SOCIOLOGY 313 Development of Sociological...

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