AnalyticaBriefOnImpactOfLisbonTreaty - Subject: Effects of...

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Subject: Effects of the Lisbon Treaty Significance: The Lisbon Treaty, which came into force on 1 December 2009, has already started to have a palpable impact on EU politics and policy-making. Analysis: In the run up to ratification in 2009, the Treaty of Lisbon was framed by many of its supporters as a modest Treaty that sought to “Reform” rather than profoundly restructure the operation of the EU. Such modesty was necessary after the more grandiose ‘Constitutional Treaty’ had been rejected by French and Dutch voters. In practice however, the Treaty of Lisbon retained the most significant provisions of the Constitutional Treaty. In force now for more than seven months, major effects of the Lisbon Treaty are becoming evident. Foreign Policy One of the primary aims of the Lisbon Treaty was to strengthen the EU’s voice and role on the world stage. To that end, the Treaty established a new position of High Representative for the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy (“High Commissioner”) – a position to which Catherine Ashton was appointed. However, the Treaty did not give Ashton a clear mandate as the international voice for the EU. Instead, in addition to her position, the Treaty also created another new position – the President of the European Council (former Belgian Prime Minister Herman Van Rompuy) – which was also designed to strengthen leadership of the European Council and to provide the EU with a face on the world stage. And in addition to Ashton and Van Rompuy, European Commission President José Manuel Barroso has a claim to speak for the EU in other domains. The selection of Van Rompuy and Ashton for these new key positions was widely criticized initially by those who argued that they lacked the experience and international profile needed to represent the EU effectively. Ashton was further criticized early on as the EU’s initial response to the earthquake in Haiti ran into problems. Diplomatic Corps Launched : Despite her initial difficulties, Ashton recently scored a major victory with the European Parliament’s July 8 vote approving the establishment of the European External Action Service (EEAS) – the EU’s new diplomatic corps. The establishment of the EEAS – which Ashton will lead – marks a significant landmark for EU foreign policy. From December 2010, she will lead a staff of over 2,000 officials and diplomats in Brussels and at EU embassies around the world.
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AnalyticaBriefOnImpactOfLisbonTreaty - Subject: Effects of...

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