riggio_ppt_ch15

riggio_ppt_ch15 - CHAPTER 15 Human Factors and Occupational...

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CHAPTER 15 Human Factors and Occupational Health Psychology Introduction to Industrial/Organizational Psychology by Ronald E. Riggio
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Human Factors Human factors is a specialty area of I/O psychology concerned with designing tools, machines, work systems, and workplaces to fit workers. Human factors also has a goal of training workers to use machines and systems and to protect worker safety and comfort. The earliest roots of human factors lie with Frederick Taylor, but human factors focuses more on the worker than the work task.
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Human Factors The operator-machine system is the interaction between workers and tools or devices used to perform a task. The human factors psychologist views the operator and machine as engaged in two-way interaction. A job analysis is the first step in designing an operator-machine system.
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Human Factors Machines communicate to human operators through displays. Displays can be visual, auditory, or tactile. Visual displays include mechanical displays that give qualities or quantities, and LED and LCD displays that give digital readouts. Auditory displays include buzzers, horns, bells, and other sounds designed to get the operator’s attention.
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Human Factors Once a machine communicates to the operator, he/she processes the information
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riggio_ppt_ch15 - CHAPTER 15 Human Factors and Occupational...

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