riggio_ppt_ch12

riggio_ppt_ch12 - CHAPTER 12 Leadership Introduction to

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CHAPTER 12 Leadership Introduction to Industrial/Organizational Psychology by Ronald E. Riggio
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What is Leadership? Leadership is the ability to guide a group toward the achievement of goals. Leaders can be formally recognized by the organization, or individuals can emerge as informal leaders within work groups because they have some characteristic that the group members value.
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Universalist Theories of Leadership Universalist theories look for the major characteristics common to all effective leaders. Great man/woman theory maintains that great leaders are born, not made. Trait theory attempts to discover the traits shared by all effective leaders. Traits are enduring attributes associated with an individual’s personality or makeup.
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Universalist Theories of Leadership Research indicates that extraversion, conscientiousness, openness to experience, agreeableness, and emotional stability, in combination, are associated with effective leadership (Bono and Judge, 2004). Possession of flexibility, charisma, and social intelligence are also important for leadership (Riggio, 1986). The major problem with the original trait approach is that it was too general.
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Behavioral Theories of Leadership Behavioral leadership theories (derived from Ohio State and University of Michigan studies) focus on the behaviors common to effective leaders. The Ohio State Leadership Studies identified two important leader behaviors: Initiating structure (defining, organizing, structuring the work situation). Consideration (showing concern for feelings and needs of followers).
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Behavioral Theories of Leadership The University of Michigan Leadership Studies also identified two important leader behaviors. In
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2012 for the course 830 373 taught by Professor Aiello,j during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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riggio_ppt_ch12 - CHAPTER 12 Leadership Introduction to

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