riggio_ppt_ch07

Riggio_ppt_ch07 - CHAPTER 7 Motivation Introduction to Industrial/Organizational Psychology by Ronald Riggio Defining Motivation Motivation is the

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Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 7 Motivation Introduction to Industrial/Organizational Psychology by Ronald Riggio Defining Motivation Motivation is the force that energizes, directs, and sustains behavior. The many theories of work motivation can be classified as need theories , behavior-based theories , job design theories , and cognitive theories . Need Theories of Motivation Maslow’s and Alderfer’s basic need theories propose that needs are arranged in a hierarchy from the lowest, most basic needs, to higher‑order needs such as the need for esteem or self-actualization. Need Theories of Motivation McClelland’s achievement motivation theory proposes that the three needs important in work motivation are: Need for achievement. Need for power. Need for affiliation. These needs can be measured with a projective test known as the Thematic Apperception Test. Unlike Maslow’s and Alderfer’s need theories, McClelland’s theory has been used extensively in work settings to encourage worker motivation. Behavior-based Theories of Motivation Reinforcement theory stresses the role...
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This note was uploaded on 02/05/2012 for the course 830 373 taught by Professor Aiello,j during the Fall '08 term at Rutgers.

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Riggio_ppt_ch07 - CHAPTER 7 Motivation Introduction to Industrial/Organizational Psychology by Ronald Riggio Defining Motivation Motivation is the

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