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Unformatted text preview: Early Theories Preformationism Naturalism Environmentalism Preformationism Children viewed as miniature adults Humunculus Embryology Effects of Industrialization Environmentalism John Locke (1632 1704): "I imagine the mind of children as easily turned, this way or that as water itself." John Locke Tabula rasa Learning
Association Repetition Imitation Rewards Punishment John Locke's Educational Philosophy SelfControl The Best Rewards and Punisments Small Steps Rules Children's Characteristics Academic Instruction Naturalism JeanJacque Rousseau (1712 1778): "Childhood has its own ways of seeing, thinking and feeling." Theory of Development: Stage Theory Rousseau's Theory of Development Stage 1: 12 years Sensory experience Active and curious Innate language ability Rousseau's Theory of Development Stage 1: 12 years Sensory experience Active and curious Innate language ability Rousseau's Theory of Development Stage 2: 212 years Independence Intuitive and concrete reason Rousseau's Theory of Development Stage 3: 1215 years Transition between childhood and adolescence Gain physical strength Solve mathematical problems Concrete thinking Rousseau's Theory of Development Stage 4: 1518 years Social Abstract Reasoning Second Birth
Body Feelings Sexuality Rousseau's Philosophy of Education Allow child to explore the world with little guidance as development comes from within. ...
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- Spring '11