W2-MCL+LitHist+Intro+BB+key+terms-1_2_

W2-MCL+LitHist+Intro+BB+key+terms-1_2_ - Modern Chinese...

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Modern Chinese Literary Culture: The Origins of 20 TH th Movement Short LECTURE: BB Key terms KALDIS 1 _________________________________________________ MODERN CHINESE LITERARY: THE ORIGINS OF 20 TH -CENTURY CHINESE LITERATURE: TH MOVEMENT KEY TERMS ________________________________________________ 1. CHINA’S TRADITIONAL/INTERNAL/DOMESTIC PROBLEMS Manchu / Qing Dynasty 1644-1911 Han-Chinese-run bureaucracy i Chinese/Qing Isolationist attitude of civilizational superiority VS Industrial Revolution in Western Europe and America. Domestic/traditional Chinese social system disparity: Elite VS Peasants Education system: Education and access to power, {conveyed through CLASSICAL CHINESE ( ̚˖ = ˖Ԋ˖ ) } were inaccessible to the vast majority of the population, who had neither the time nor the money for books, tutors, lamp oil, candles, tables, writing implements, etc. --the bare necessities for educating a child. ii _________________________________________________
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Modern Chinese Literary Culture: The Origins of 20 TH th Movement Short LECTURE: BB Key terms KALDIS 2 _________________________________________________ 2. TRADITIONAL CHINA CONFRONTS A MODERNIZED WEST 1800s OPIUM WAR 1842 TREATY OF NANJING Era of “ UNEQUAL TREATIES TREATY OF SHIMONOSEKI The imminent demise of Chinese civilization How to Modernize Japan as a nearby Asian source of Western knowledge, arts, science, and technology 2 main obstacles to China’s domestic and international difficulties as: 1. TRADITIONAL CHINESE CULTURE AT HOME {Confucianism, and later “feudalism” were used to collectively describe all the evils of traditional Chinese society, including patriarchy, classism, oppression of women, lack of universal education, etc.} 2. IMPERIALISM FROM ABROAD (The West and Japan) Culture/Literature = the necessary foundation for a nation trying to establish modern social, cultural, economic, military structures. 1915: New Youth (les contemporaines, xin qingnian อڡϋ )
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Modern Chinese Literary Culture: The Origins of 20 TH th Movement Short LECTURE: BB Key terms KALDIS 3 NEW CULTURE MOVEMENT THE MAY 4TH MOVEMENT THE MAY 4 TH INCIDENT Treaty of Versailles, in 1919 MAY FOURTH MOVEMENT : (begins as early as 1915; ending either in 1921 or 1927). The movement (or era) which took its name from the May 4 th Incident demonstrations, included not only political protest but also literary and scientific developments involving considerable importation of Western ideas ” (Moise 48-49). The May 4th movement was a social and political movement, with its driving spirit of anti- traditionalism, anti-imperialism, and its devotion to western intellectual and political ideas, ushered in modern Chinese nationalism, communism, women’s rights, education reform, and wholesale changes
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This note was uploaded on 02/06/2012 for the course ASIAN 261 taught by Professor Kaldis during the Winter '11 term at University of Michigan.

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W2-MCL+LitHist+Intro+BB+key+terms-1_2_ - Modern Chinese...

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